Screening for rheumatic heart disease : is a paradigm shift required?

Hunter, L. D. ; Monaghan, M. ; Lloyd, G. ; Pecoraro, A. J. K. ; Doubell, A. F. ; Herbst, P. G. (2017)

CITATION: Hunter, L. D., et al. 2017. Screening for rheumatic heart disease : is a paradigm shift required?. Echo Research and Practice, 4(4):R43-R52, doi:10.1530/ERP-17-0037.

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This focused review presents a critical appraisal of the World Heart Federation criteria for the echocardiographic diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and its performance in African RHD screening programmes. It identifies various logistical and methodological problems that negatively influence the current guideline’s performance. The authors explore novel RHD screening methodology that could address some of these shortcomings and if proven to be of merit, would require a paradigm shift in the approach to the echocardiographic diagnosis of subclinical RHD.

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