Browsing by Author "Monaghan, M."
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- ItemInter-scallop separations of the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve : an important cause of pathological mitral regurgitation in rheumatic heart disease screening(BioScientifica, 2018) Hunter, L. D.; Monaghan, M.; Lloyd, G.; Pecoraro, A. J. K.; Doubell, A. F.; Herbst, P. G.The 2012 World Heart Federation (WHF) criteria for echocardiographic diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) identify that the finding of ‘pathological’ mitral regurgitation (MR) in a screened individual increases the likelihood of detecting underlying RHD. Cases of isolated ‘pathological MR’ are thus identified as ‘borderline RHD’. A large-scale echocardiographic screening program (Echo in Africa) in South Africa has identified that inter-scallop separations of the posterior mitral valve leaflet (PMVL) can give rise to ‘pathological’ MR. The authors propose that this entity in isolation should be identified and excluded from the WHF ‘borderline RHD’ category. In this case report, we present two examples of ‘pathological’ MR related to inter-scallop separation from the Echo in Africa image database. We further provide screening tips for the accurate identification of this entity.
- ItemScreening for rheumatic heart disease : is a paradigm shift required?(BioScientifica, 2017) Hunter, L. D.; Monaghan, M.; Lloyd, G.; Pecoraro, A. J. K.; Doubell, A. F.; Herbst, P. G.This focused review presents a critical appraisal of the World Heart Federation criteria for the echocardiographic diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and its performance in African RHD screening programmes. It identifies various logistical and methodological problems that negatively influence the current guideline’s performance. The authors explore novel RHD screening methodology that could address some of these shortcomings and if proven to be of merit, would require a paradigm shift in the approach to the echocardiographic diagnosis of subclinical RHD.