Browsing by Author "Hunter, L. D."
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- ItemCase mix of patients managed in the resuscitation area of a district-level public hospital in Cape Town(Elsevier, 2017-03) Hunter, L. D.; Lahri, S.; Van Hoving, D. J.Introduction: At the core of the district health system is the emergency centre, for many the entry point into the healthcare system. Limited data is available on the patient population served by district-level emergency centres in South Africa. The objective of this study is to describe the case mix of adult patients managed in the resuscitation unit of a district-level hospital in the Western Cape. Methods: A six-month prospective observational study was conducted in the resuscitation unit of Khayelitsha Hospital. Data were collected by clinicians in the unit by means of a Smartphone application on their own devices. Variables collected included patient demographics, patient acuity, patient comorbidities, diagnosis made in the unit, interventions received, length of stay, and disposition. Summary statistics were used to describe all variables. Results: A total of 2324 patient admissions were analysed. The mean age was 36.9 years with a male predominance (n = 1367, 58.8%). Most patients were triaged into high-acuity categories (n = 1626, 70%). HIV infection was the most common comorbidity (n = 530, 22.8%). Acute medical (n = 1181, 50.8%) and trauma-related patients (n = 928, 39.9%) dominated the cohort. The median length of stay was 195 min and 502 (21.6%) patients were transferred to higher levels of care. There were 74 (3.2%) deaths. Conclusion: This study yields novel epidemiological data of emergency care in a district-level emergency centre. It highlights the burden of trauma and acute medical emergencies at the district level and can be used as a foundation for further research to provide targeted and effective healthcare to all citizens.
- ItemInter-scallop separations of the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve : an important cause of pathological mitral regurgitation in rheumatic heart disease screening(BioScientifica, 2018) Hunter, L. D.; Monaghan, M.; Lloyd, G.; Pecoraro, A. J. K.; Doubell, A. F.; Herbst, P. G.The 2012 World Heart Federation (WHF) criteria for echocardiographic diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) identify that the finding of ‘pathological’ mitral regurgitation (MR) in a screened individual increases the likelihood of detecting underlying RHD. Cases of isolated ‘pathological MR’ are thus identified as ‘borderline RHD’. A large-scale echocardiographic screening program (Echo in Africa) in South Africa has identified that inter-scallop separations of the posterior mitral valve leaflet (PMVL) can give rise to ‘pathological’ MR. The authors propose that this entity in isolation should be identified and excluded from the WHF ‘borderline RHD’ category. In this case report, we present two examples of ‘pathological’ MR related to inter-scallop separation from the Echo in Africa image database. We further provide screening tips for the accurate identification of this entity.
- ItemScreening for rheumatic heart disease : is a paradigm shift required?(BioScientifica, 2017) Hunter, L. D.; Monaghan, M.; Lloyd, G.; Pecoraro, A. J. K.; Doubell, A. F.; Herbst, P. G.This focused review presents a critical appraisal of the World Heart Federation criteria for the echocardiographic diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and its performance in African RHD screening programmes. It identifies various logistical and methodological problems that negatively influence the current guideline’s performance. The authors explore novel RHD screening methodology that could address some of these shortcomings and if proven to be of merit, would require a paradigm shift in the approach to the echocardiographic diagnosis of subclinical RHD.