Lactobacillus equigenerosi strain Le1 invades equine epithelial cells

Botha, Marlie ; Botes, Marelize ; Loos, Ben ; Smith, Carine ; Dicks, Leon M. T. (2012)

CITATION: Botha, M., et al. 2012. Lactobacillus equigenerosi strain Le1 invades equine epithelial cells. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 78(12):4248-4255, doi:10.1128/AEM.00552-12.

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Lactobacillus equigenerosi strain Le1, a natural inhabitant of the equine gastrointestinal tract, survived pH 3.0 and incubation in the presence of 1.5% (wt/vol) bile salts for at least 2 h. Strain Le1 showed 8% cell surface hydrophobicity, 60% auto-aggregation, and 47% coaggregation with Clostridium difficile C6. Only 1% of the cells adhered to viable buccal epithelial cells and invaded the cells within 20 min after contact. Preincubation of strain Le1 in a buffer containing pronase prevented adhesion to viable epithelial cells. Preincubation in a pepsin buffer delayed invasion from 20 min to 1 h. Strain Le1 did not adhere to nonviable epithelial cells. Administration of L. equigenerosi Le1 (1x10 9 CFU per 50 kg body weight) to healthy horses did not increase white blood cell numbers. Differential white blood cell counts and aspartate aminotransferase levels remained constant. Glucose, lactate, cholesterol, and urea levels remained constant during administration with L. equigenerosi Le1 but decreased during the week after administration.

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