Simulating The Driving and Charging of Electric Minibus Taxis: A Case Study for Stellenbosch

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The Global North is increasing the drive for the electrification of the mobility industry. In sub-Saharan Africa, however, the adoption is yet to pick up steam due to various other challenges in the region. The viability of converting the paratransit fleet (which consists mostly of minibus taxis) to electric vehicles (EVs) with current combustion-based operations is investigated by making use of simulation software, and EV-Fleet-Sim. This developed software simulates the driving and charging of operationally tracked taxis in the Stellenbosch area. A charging algorithm, as well as a simple battery model, was included in the simulation to provide a more accurate representation of the scenario. Most of the taxis were found to still complete their required trips with the specified battery size of 70 kWh. However, new methods would need to be found, such as including a mixed fleet with some petrol or diesel taxis, to assure a 100% trip completion rate. The grid impact per vehicle was found with an expected maximum load appearing between the hours of 08h00 and 10h00 of 22 kW per vehicle, which corresponds to the time after the morning peak traffic of getting people to work. Furthermore, a minimum number of chargers can be implemented which will not affect the trip completion rate of the taxis. This was found to be for 4 chargers per 17 taxis. Future work is left to the testing of various parameters to find optimal solutions as well as including home charging and failed trip classification.
The original publication is available at:
Advances in Cleaner Production, Proceedings of the 12h International Workshop, Stellenbosch, South Africa. November 23nd and 24nd, 2023
Pretorius, B. G., Strauss, J. M. & Booysen, M. J. 2023. Simulating The Driving and Charging of Electric Minibus Taxis: A Case Study for Stellenbosch