Recent Submissions

  • Wannie Carstens : profeet vir versoening – Sy enigste droom was om die Afrikaanse gemeenskap te versoen 

    Le Cordeur, Michael L. (AOSIS Publishing, 2018)
    Wannie Carstens: An agent for reconciliation. His only dream was to reconcile the Afrikaans community. When I first met Wannie Carstens, I thought to myself: This must be one of those WOW moments that people talk about. ...
  • Critical interdisciplinary dialogues : towards a pedagogy of well-being in stem disciplines and fields 

    Winberg, C.; Bozalek, V. G.; Conana, H.; Wright, J.; Wolff, K. E.; Pallitt, N.; Adendorff, Hanelie (HESA, 2018)
    Students enrolled in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) globally and in South Africa are generally not in a state of well-being. International and South African research studies show that undergraduate ...
  • Professional learning for teaching at a research-intensive university : the need for a ‘care-full’ environment 

    Herman, N.; Bitzer, E.; Leibowitz, B. (HESA, 2018)
    The participation of academics in professional learning opportunities for teaching plays an important role in promoting the desired outcomes of higher education teaching and learning. If university teachers pursuing a ...
  • An assessment of algorithms for deriving failure deterministic finite automata 

    Nxumalo, Madoda; Kourie, Derrick G.; Cleophas, Loek; Watson, Bruce W. (South African Institute of Computer Scientists and Information Technologists, 2017)
    Failure deterministic finite automata (FDFAs) represent regular languages more compactly than deterministic finite automata (DFAs). Four algorithms that convert arbitrary DFAs to language-equivalent FDFAs are empirically ...
  • Biocapacity optimization in regional planning 

    Guo, Jianjun; Yue, Dongxia; Li, Kai; Hui, Cang (Nature Research, 2017)
    Ecological overshoot has been accelerating across the globe. Optimizing biocapacity has become a key to resolve the overshoot of ecological demand in regional sustainable development. However, most literature has focused ...
  • Platelet, monocyte and neutrophil activation and glucose tolerance in South African Mixed Ancestry individuals 

    Davison, Glenda M.; Nkambule, Bongani B.; Mkandla, Zibusiso; Hon, Gloudina M.; Kengne, Andre P.; Erasmus, Rajiv T.; Matsha, Tandi E. (Nature Research, 2017)
    Platelet activation has been described in patients with chronic inflammation, however in type 2 diabetes mellitus it remains controversial. We compared levels of platelet leucocyte aggregates, monocyte and granulocyte ...
  • Measuring antigen-specific responses in Mycobacterium bovis-infected warthogs (Phacochoerus africanus) using the intradermal tuberculin test 

    Roos, Eduard O.; Olea-Popelka, Francisco; Buss, Peter; Hausler, Guy A.; Warren, Robin; Van Helden, Paul D.; Parsons, Sven D. C.; De Klerk-Lorist, Lin-Mari; Miller, Michele A. (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2018)
    Background: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) caused by Mycobacterium bovis has previously been diagnosed in warthogs and infection can be highly prevalent (> 30%) in endemic areas. Thus, warthogs could potentially be an ...
  • 1000 Genomes-based metaanalysis identifies 10 novel loci for kidney function 

    Gorski, Mathias; Van Der Most, Peter J.; Teumer, Alexander; Chu, Audrey Y.; Li, Man; Mijatovic, Vladan; Nolte, Ilja M.; Cocca, Massimiliano; Taliun, Daniel; Gomez, Felicia; Li, Yong; Tayo, Bamidele; Tin, Adrienne; Feitosa, Mary F.; Aspelund, Thor; Attia, John; Biffar, Reiner; Bochud, Murielle; Boerwinkle, Eric; Borecki, Ingrid; Bottinger, Erwin P.; Chen, Ming-Huei; Chouraki, Vincent; Ciullo, Marina; Coresh, Josef; Cornelis, Marilyn C.; Curhan, Gary C.; d’Adamo, Adamo Pio; Dehghan, Abbas; Dengler, Laura; Ding, Jingzhong; Eiriksdottir, Gudny; Endlich, Karlhans; Enroth, Stefan; Esko, Tonu; Franco, Oscar H.; Gasparini, Paolo; Gieger, Christian; Girotto, Giorgia; Gottesman, Omri; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Gyllensten, Ulf; Hancock, Stephen J.; Harris, Tamara B.; Helmer, Catherine; Hollerer, Simon; Hofer, Edith; Hofman, Albert; Holliday, Elizabeth G.; Homuth, Georg; Hu, Frank B.; Huth, Cornelia; Hutri-Kahonen, Nina; Hwang, Shih-Jen; Imboden, Medea; Johansson, Asa; Kahonen, Mika; Konig, Wolfgang; Kramer, Holly; Kramer, Bernhard K.; Kumar, Ashish; Kutalik, Zoltan; Lambert, Jean-Charles; Launer, Lenore J.; Lehtimaki, Terho; De Borst, Martin H.; Navis, Gerjan; Swertz, Morris; Liu, Yongmei; Lohman, Kurt; Loos, Ruth J. F.; Lu, Yingchang; Lyytikainen, Leo-Pekka; McEvoy, Mark A.; Meisinger, Christa; Meitinger, Thomas; Metspalu, Andres; Metzger, Marie; Mihailov, Evelin; Mitchell, Paul; Nauck, Matthias; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Olden, Matthias; Penninx, Brenda W. J. H.; Pistis, Giorgio; Pramstaller, Peter P.; Probst-Hensch, Nicole; Raitakari, Olli T.; Rettig, Rainer; Ridker, Paul M.; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Robino, Antonietta; Rosas, Sylvia E.; Ruderfer, Douglas; Ruggiero, Daniela; Saba, Yasaman; Sala, Cinzia; Schmidt, Helena; Schmidt, Reinhold; Scott, Rodney J.; Sedaghat, Sanaz; Smith, Albert V.; Sorice, Rossella; Stengel, Benedicte; Stracke, Sylvia; Strauch, Konstantin; Toniolo, Daniela; Uitterlinden, Andre G.; Ulivi, Sheila; Viikari, Jorma S.; Volker, Uwe; Vollenweider, Peter; Volzke, Henry; Vuckovic, Dragana; Waldenberger, Melanie; Wang, Jie Jin; Yang, Qiong; Chasman, Daniel I.; Tromp, Gerard; Snieder, Harold; Heid, Iris M.; Fox, Caroline S.; Kottgen, Anna; Pattaro, Cristian; Boger, Carsten A.; Fuchsberger, Christian (Nature Research, 2017)
    HapMap imputed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have revealed >50 loci at which common variants with minor allele frequency >5% are associated with kidney function. GWAS using more complete reference sets for imputation, ...
  • Growing-up (habitually) barefoot influences the development of foot and arch morphology in children and adolescents 

    Hollander, Karsten; De Villiers, Johanna Elsabe; Sehner, Susanne; Wegscheider, Karl; Braumann, Klaus-Michael; Venter, Ranel; Zech, Astrid (Nature Research, 2017)
    The development of the human foot is crucial for motor learning in children and adolescents as it ensures the basic requirements for bipedal locomotion and stable standing. Although there is an ongoing debate of the ...
  • Surveillance of healthcare-associated infection in hospitalised South African children : Which method performs best? 

    Dramowski, A.; Cotton, M. F.; Whitelaw, A. (Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2017)
    Background. In 2012, the South African (SA) National Department of Health mandated surveillance of healthcare-associated infection (HAI), but made no recommendations of appropriate surveillance methods. Methods. Prospective ...
  • Kaposi’s sarcoma : good outcome with doxorubicin, bleomycin and vincristine sulphate (ABV) chemotherapy and highly active antiretroviral therapy 

    Hesseling, P. B.; Katayi, E.; Wharin, P.; Bardin, R.; Kouya, F.; Palmer, D.; Glenn, M.; Kruger, M. (Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2017)
    There is little published information on effective treatment of Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) in children in low-income countries. We prospectively treated 12 patients with an institutional review board-approved protocol consisting ...
  • Robustness of rigid and adaptive networks to species loss 

    Nuwagaba, Savannah; Zhang, Feng; Hui, Cang (Public Library of Science, 2017)
    Controversies in the complexity-stability debate have been attributed to the methodologies used such as topological vs. dynamical approaches or rigid vs. adaptive foraging behaviour of species. Here, we use a bipartite ...
  • Vacuum polarization energy for general backgrounds in one space dimension 

    Weigel, H. (Elsevier, 2017)
    For field theories in one time and one space dimensions we propose an efficient method to compute the vacuum polarization energy of static field configurations that do not allow a decomposition into symmetric and anti-symmetric ...
  • Consistency between SU(3) and SU(2) covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory for the nucleon mass 

    Ren, Xiu-Lei; Alvarez-Ruso, L.; Geng, Li-Sheng; Ledwig, Tim; Meng, Jie; Vacas, M. J. Vicente (Elsevier, 2017)
    Treating the strange quark mass as a heavy scale compared to the light quark mass, we perform a matching of the nucleon mass in the SU(3) sector to the two-flavor case in covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory. The ...
  • No evidence for extensions to the standard cosmological model 

    Heavens, Alan; Fantaye, Yabebal; Sellentin, Elena; Eggers, Hans; Hosenie, Zafiirah; Kroon, Steve; Mootoovaloo, Arrykrishna (American Physical Society, 2017)
    We compute the Bayesian evidence for models considered in the main analysis of Planck cosmic microwave background data. By utilizing carefully defined nearest-neighbor distances in parameter space, we reuse the Monte Carlo ...
  • Glass transitions in monodisperse cluster-forming ensembles : vortex matter in type-1.5 superconductors 

    Diaz-Mendez, Rogelio; Mezzacapo, Fabio; Lechner, Wolfgang; Cinti, Fabio; Babaev, Egor; Pupillo, Guido (American Physical Society, 2017)
    At low enough temperatures and high densities, the equilibrium configuration of an ensemble of ultrasoft particles is a self-assembled, ordered, cluster crystal. In the present Letter, we explore the out-of-equilibrium ...
  • Solving Dirac equations on a 3D lattice with inverse Hamiltonian and spectral methods 

    Ren, Z. X.; Zhang, S. Q.; Meng, J. (American Physical Society, 2017)
    A new method to solve the Dirac equation on a 3D lattice is proposed, in which the variational collapse problem is avoided by the inverse Hamiltonian method and the fermion doubling problem is avoided by performing spatial ...
  • Self-consistent relativistic quasiparticle random-phase approximation and its applications to charge-exchange excitations 

    Niu, Z. M.; Niu, Y. F.; Liang, H. Z.; Long, W. H.; Meng, J. (American Physical Society, 2017)
    The self-consistent quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA) approach is formulated in the canonical single-nucleon basis of the relativistic Hatree–Fock–Bogoliubov (RHFB) theory. This approach is applied to study ...
  • Nuclear matrix element of neutrinoless double-β decay : relativity and short-range correlations 

    Song, L. S.; Yao, J. M.; Ring, P.; Meng, J. (American Physical Society, 2017)
    Background:The discovery of neutrinoless double-β (0νββ) decay would demonstrate the nature of neutrinos, have profound implications for our understanding of matter-antimatter mystery, and solve the mass hierarchy problem ...
  • Influence of pairing correlations on the radius of neutron-rich nuclei 

    Zhang, Ying; Chen, Ying; Meng, Jie; Ring, Peter (American Physical Society, 2017)
    The influence of pairing correlations on the neutron root mean square (rms) radius of nuclei is investigated in the framework of self-consistent Skyrme Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov calculations. The continuum is treated ...

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