The prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder : the need for a coordinated service by role players in the wine producing areas in the Breede River Valley
CITATION: De Vries, M. & Green, S. 2013. The prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder : the need for a coordinated service by role players in the wine producing areas in the Breede River Valley. Social Work, 49(3):369-386, doi:10.15270/49-3-52.
The original publication is available at http://socialwork.journals.ac.za
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is seen as the leading preventable birth defect in the western world (May, Miller, Goodhart, Maestas, Buckley, Trujillo & Gossage, 2007). FAS is the severe end of a spectrum of effects caused by alcohol intake during pregnancy and is characterised by unique facial features, growth retardation and developmental delays (May, Gossage, Marais, Adnams, Hoyme, Jones, Robinson, Khaole, Snell, Kalberg, Hendricks, Brooke, Stellavato & Viljoen, 2007; Urban, Chersich, Fourie, Chetty, Olivier & Viljoen, 2008). Drinking alcohol during pregnancy has physical, behavioural and mental consequences for the developing fetus. These effects last throughout the lifespan of the individual with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)