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Prostaglandin effects in the neuroendocrine mammalian brain

Macfarlane C. M. ; Taljaard J. J. F. (1985)

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Various prostaglandins (PGs) have been found in several areas of the brain. PGs of the E series have been found in the pituitary and pineal glands and the median eminence, and they have been shown to influence hypothalamic endocrine-release characteristics and release of melatonin from the pineal gland. It has been suggested that they may act, along with membrane phospholipids, as a link between neuronal depolarization, calcium uptake and neurotransmitter release. They may also influence postsynaptic effects of neurotransmitters. These latter effects may be due to interaction with membrane phospholipid- and cyclic nucleotide-induced changes of specific protein kinases. The PGs may act as intracellular mediators of neuro-endocrine control.

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