Recent Submissions

  • Teratosphaeria stem canker of Eucalyptus : two pathogens, one devastating disease 

    Aylward, Janneke; Roets, Francois; Dreyer, Leanne L.; Wingfield, Michael J. (British Society for Plant Pathology, 2018)
    Background: Teratosphaeria gauchensis and T. zuluensis are closely related fungi that cause Teratosphaeria (previously Coniothyrium) stem canker disease on Eucalyptus species propagated in plantations for commercial ...
  • The role of ambient temperature and body mass on body temperature, standard metabolic rate and evaporative water loss in southern African anurans of different habitat specialisation 

    Mokhatla, Mohlamatsane; Measey, John; Smit, Ben (PeerJ, 2019)
    Temperature and water availability are two of the most important variables affecting all aspects of an anuran’s key physiological processes such as body temperature (Tb), evaporative water loss (EWL) and standard metabolic ...
  • Shared genomic outliers across two divergent population clusters of a highly threatened seagrass 

    Phair, Nikki Leanne; Toonen, Robert John; Knapp, Ingrid; Von Der Heyden, Sophie (PeerJ, 2019)
    The seagrass, Zostera capensis, occurs across a broad stretch of coastline and wide environmental gradients in estuaries and sheltered bays in southern and eastern Africa. Throughout its distribution, habitats are highly ...
  • The commonness of rarity : global and future distribution of rarity across land plants 

    Enquist, Brian J.; Feng, Xiao; Boyle, Brad; Maitner, Brian; Newman, Erica A.; Jorgensen, Peter Moller; Roehrdanz, Patrick R.; Thiers, Barbara M.; Burger, Joseph R.; Corlett, Richard T.; Couvreur, Thomas L. P.; Dauby, Gilles; Donoghue, John C.; Foden, Wendy; Lovett, Jon C.; Marquet, Pablo A.; Merow, Cory; Midgley, Guy; Morueta-Holme, Naia; Neves, Danilo M.; Oliveira-Filho, Ary T.; Kraft, Nathan J. B.; Park, Daniel S.; Peet, Robert K.; Pillet, Michiel; Serra-Diaz, Josep M.; Sandel, Brody; Schildhauer, Mark; Simova, Irena; Violle, Cyrille; Wieringa, Jan J.; Wiser, Susan K.; Hannah, Lee; Svenning, Jens-Christian; McGill, Brian J. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2019)
    A key feature of life’s diversity is that some species are common but many more are rare. Nonetheless, at global scales, we do not know what fraction of biodiversity consists of rare species. Here, we present the largest ...
  • A synthesis of three decades of socio-ecological change in False Bay, South Africa: setting the scene for multidisciplinary research and management 

    Pfaff, Maya C.; Logston, Renae C.; Raemaekers, Serge J. P. N.; Hermes, Juliet C.; Blamey, Laura K.; Cawthra, Hayley C.; Colenbrander, Darryl R.; Crawford, Robert J. M.; Day, Elizabeth; du Plessis, Nicole; Elwen, Simon H.; Fawcett, Sarah E.; Jury, Mark R.; Karenyi, Natasha; Kerwath, Sven E.; Kock, Alison A.; Krug, Marjolaine; Lamberth, Stephen J.; Omardien, Aaniyah; Pitcher, Grant C.; Rautenbach, Christo; Robinson, Tamara B.; Rouault, Mathieu; Ryan, Peter G.; Shillington, Frank A.; Sowman, Merle; Sparks, Conrad C.; Turpie, Jane K.; van Niekerk, Lara; Waldron, Howard N.; Yeld, Eleanor M.; Kirkman, Stephen P. (2019-08-08)
    Over the past three decades, marine resource management has shifted conceptually from top-down sectoral approaches towards the more systems-oriented multi-stakeholder frameworks of integrated coastal management and ...
  • Gut microbiome differences between wild and captive black rhinoceros – implications for rhino health 

    Gibson, Keylie M.; Nguyen, Bryan N.; Neumann, Laura M.; Miller, Michele; Buss, Peter; Daniels, Savel; Ahn, Michelle J.; Crandall, Keith A.; Pukazhenthi, Budhan (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2019)
    A number of recent studies have shown the importance of the mammalian gut microbiome in host health. In the context of endangered species, a few studies have examined the relationship between the gut microbiome in wild ...
  • Controlling invasive Argentine ants, Linepithema humile, in conservation areas using horizontal insecticide transfer 

    Buczkowski, Grzegorz; Wossler, Theresa C . (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2019-12-20)
    Invasive ants are major agricultural and urban pests and a significant concern in conservation areas. Despite long history of control and eradication efforts, invasive ants continue to spread around the globe driven by a ...
  • Has strategic planning made a difference to amphibian conservation research in South Africa? 

    Measey, John; Tarrant, Jeanne; Rebelo, Alex; Turner, Andrew; du Preez, Louis; Mokhatla, Mohlamatsane; Conradie, Werner (South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), 2019-09-25)
    Background: Conservation relies on the strategic use of resources because monies for conservation action are limited, especially in developing countries. South Africa’s Frog Atlas project established a baseline for the ...
  • Distribution of invasive alien Tithonia (Asteraceae) species in eastern and southern Africa and the socioecological impacts of T. diversifolia in Zambia 

    Witt, Arne B.R.; Shackleton, Ross T.; Beale, Tim; Nunda, Winnie; Van Wilgen, Brian W. (South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), 2019-09-25)
    Background: Many alien plant species, such as Tithonia diversifolia, T. rotundifolia and T. tubaeformis, have been introduced to areas outside of their natural distribution range to provide benefits, but have subsequently ...
  • Road avoidance and its energetic consequences for reptiles 

    Paterson, James E.; Baxter‐Gilbert, James; Beaudry, Frederic; Carstairs, Sue; Chow‐Fraser, Patricia; Edge, Christopher B.; Lentini, Andrew M.; Litzgus, Jacqueline D.; Markle, Chantel E.; McKeown, Kassie; Moore, Jennifer A.; Refsnider, Jeanine M.; Riley, Julia L.; Rouse, Jeremy D.; Seburn, David C.; Zimmerling, J. Ryan; Davy, Christina M. (Wiley Open Access, 2019)
    Roads are one of the most widespread human-caused habitat modifications that can increase wildlife mortality rates and alter behavior. Roads can act as barriers with variable permeability to movement and can increase ...
  • Spatiotemporal distribution dynamics of elephants in response to density, rainfall, rivers and fire in Kruger National Park, South Africa 

    MacFadyen, Sandra; Hui, Cang; Verburg, Peter H.; Van Teeffelen, Astrid J. A. (Wiley, 2019)
    Aim: African elephants are ecosystem engineers. As such, their long‐term patterns of distribution and abundance (i.e., space‐use intensity) will influence ecosystem structure and function. We elucidate these patterns for ...
  • Niche shift and resource supplementation facilitate an amphibian range expansion 

    Davies, Sarah J.; Hill, Matthew P.; McGeoch, Melodie A.; Clusella-Trullas, Susana (Wiley, 2019)
    Aim: To determine whether recent range expansion of small- bodied arboreal frogs, Hyperolius marmoratus Rapp, is accompanied by changes in species–environment re- lationships and whether its historical range was constrained ...
  • Global effects of non-native tree species on multiple ecosystem services 

    Castro-Diez, Pilar; Vaz, Ana Sofia; Silva, Joaquim S.; Van Loo, Marcela; Alonso, Alvaro; Aponte, Cristina; Bayon, Alvaro; Bellingham, Peter J.; Chiuffo, Mariana C.; DiManno, Nicole; Julian, Kahua; Kandert, Susanne; La Porta, Nicola; Marchante, Helia; Maule, Hamish G.; Mayfield, Margaret M.; Metcalfe, Daniel; Monteverdi, M. Cristina; Nunez, Martin A.; Ostertag, Rebecca; Parker, Ingrid M.; Peltzer, Duane A.; Potgieter, Luke J.; Raymundo, Maia; Rayome, Donald; Reisman-Berman, Orna; Richardson, David M.; Roos, Ruben E.; Saldana, Asuncion; Shackleton, Ross T.; Torres, Agostina; Trudgen, Melinda; Urban, Josef; Vicente, Joana R.; Vila, Montserrat; Ylioja, Tiina; Zenni, Rafael D.; Godoy, Oscar (Wiley, 2019-04-19)
    Non-native tree (NNT) species have been transported worldwide to create or enhance services that are fundamental for human well-being, such as timber provision, erosion control or ornamental value; yet NNTs can also ...
  • Scientists’ warning on invasive alien species 

    Pysek, Petr; Hulme, Philip E.; Simberloff, Dan; Bacher, Sven; Blackburn, Tim M.; Carlton, James T.; Dawson, Wayne; Essl, Franz; Foxcroft, Llewellyn C.; Genovesi, Piero; Jeschke, Jonathan M.; Kühn, Ingolf; Liebhold, Andrew M.; Mandrak, Nicholas E.; Meyerson, Laura A.; Pauchard, Aníbal; Pergl, Jan; Roy, Helen E.; Seebens, Hanno; Van Kleunen, Mark; Vila, Montserrat; Wingfield, Michael J.; Richardson, David M. (Wiley, 2019)
    Biological invasions are a global consequence of an increasingly connected world and the rise in human population size. The numbers of invasive alien species – the subset of alien species that spread widely in areas where ...
  • Updated account of Angola's remarkable biodiversity 

    Van Wilgen, Brian W. (ASSAf, 2020-01-29)
    Angola is one of the most biologically diverse countries in the world, yet relatively little is known about the species that occur there, or the ecosystems in which they live. There were, compared to southern and eastern ...
  • An established population of African clawed frogs, Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802), in mainland China 

    Wang, Supen; Hong, Yufeng; Measey, John (Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre, 2019)
    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Reports of amphibian invasions are increasing, although it seems likely that there are more extant populations of alien species than we are currently aware of, and we are far from understanding their full ...
  • Protocirrineris (Polychaeta:Cirratulidae) in South Africa and description of two new species 

    Elias, Rodolfo; Saracho-Bottero, Maria Andrea; Simon, Carol Anne (Universidad de Costa Rica, 2019)
    Introduction: The knowledge of polychaetes in the subtropical region of Africa benefited from the activity of J. Day. However, 50 years after the publication of his Monograph of the Polychaeta of southern Africa, it is ...
  • Linking scales and disciplines : an interdisciplinary cross-scale approach to supporting climate-relevant ecosystem management 

    Berger, Christian; Bieri, Mari; Bradshaw, Karen; Brummer, Christian; Clemen, Thomas; Hickler, Thomas; Kutsch, Werner Leo; Lenfers, Ulfia A.; Martens, Carola; Midgley, Guy F.; Mukwashi, Kanisios; Odipo, Victor; Scheiter, Simon; Schmullius, Christiane; Baade, Jussi; Du Toit, Justin C. O.; Scholes, Robert J.; Smit, Izak P. J.; Stevens, Nicola; Twine, Wayne (Springer Nature, 2019-09-05)
    Southern Africa is particularly sensitive to climate change, due to both ecological and socioeconomic factors, with rural land users among the most vulnerable groups. The provision of information to support climate-relevant ...
  • Trait positions for elevated invasiveness in adaptive ecological networks 

    Hui, Cang; Richardson, David M.; Landi, Pietro; Minoarivelo, Henintsoa O.; Roy, Helen E.; Latombe, Guillaume; Jing, Xin; CaraDonna, Paul J.; Gravel, Dominique; Beckage, Brian; Molofsky, Jane (Springer, 2021)
    Our ability to predict the outcome of invasion declines rapidly as non-native species progress through intertwined ecological barriers to establish and spread in recipient ecosystems. This is largely due to the lack of ...
  • Indo-Pacific phylogeography of the lemon sponge Leucetta chagosensis 

    Pasnin, Olivier; Voigt, Oliver; Worheide, Gert; Murillo Rincon, Andrea P.; Von der Heyden, Sophie (MDPI, 2020-12-07)
    The sponge Leucetta chagosensisDendy (1913) has a wide distribution throughout the Indo-Pacific (IP) region, with previous studies focussing primarily on the western Pacific Ocean. To increase our knowledge of the spatial ...

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