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Economic capital allocation to market and survival risk for pure endowment products

Pretorius, Jaco Harm (2023-03)


ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Economic capital allocation to interest and longevity rate risks is a topic of interest for life insurers. This study aims to provide approaches to allocate the overall economic capital amount into market and survival risk components for a pure endowment product. The calculation of the economic capital figure can be done using either analytical or simulation-based methods. An allocation approach found in literature is then applied to the simulation-based capital quantification. An allocation approach for the analytical method is proposed. A pure endowment contract which faces risks that have been calibrated to a regulatory shock environment over one year backed by a six-month fixed interest risk free asset was used as case study for these allocation approaches. Both methods deliver comparable results, and both conclude that interest rate risk is much more important than the longevity component. The importance of interest rate risks depending on method range between 97% and 99.97% of economic capital allocated to this risk. Sensitivity analysis proved particularly insightful in this study. We found that the analytical approach is more sensitive to the methodology choice in the decomposition step. Both methods provide sensible behaviour across different parameter values. The main advantage of the simulation-based approach is flexibility. The analytical approach delivers a closed form solution for capital allocation which reduces computing time and ease of implementation. This research demonstrates capital allocation provides a valuable tool for understanding the behaviour of capital relative to various risks. This enables insurers to better manage their risk exposure as they can start to see the drivers of risk.

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