Phylogenetic analysis of leuconostoc and lactobacillus species isolated from sugarcane processing streams

Nel, Sanet ; Davis, Stephen B. ; Endo, Akihito ; Dicks, Leon Milner Theodore, 1961- (2020)

CITATION: Nel, S., et al. 2020. Phylogenetic analysis of leuconostoc and lactobacillus species isolated from sugarcane processing streams. MicrobiologyOpen, 00:e1065, doi:10.1002/mbo3.1065.

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Publication of this article was funded by the Stellenbosch University Open Access Fund


High levels of gums such as dextran, produced by Leuconostoc and Lactobacillus spp., have a severe impact on factory throughput and sugar quality. This study aimed to determine the phylogenetic relationships between gum‐producing Leuconostoc and Lactobacillus bacteria which were isolated from various locations in a sugarcane processing factory at times when low‐ and high‐dextran raw sugar, respectively, were produced. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences grouped 81 isolates with the type strains of Leuconostoc mesenteroides (subspp. mesenteroides , dextranicum, and cremoris ), Leuconostoc pseudomesenteroides, Leuconostoc lactis, and Leuconostoc citreum , respectively. Forty‐three isolates clustered with the type strain of Lactobacillus fermentum . The phylogenetic relatedness of the isolates was determined by sequencing and analysis of the housekeeping genes rpoA and dnaA for Leuconostoc spp. and the pheS and tuf genes for the Lactobacillus spp. The rpoA gene proved discriminatory for the phylogenetic resolution of all of the isolated Leuconostoc spp. and the dnaA housekeeping gene was shown to be effective for isolates clustering with the type strains of Leuc. mesenteroides and Leuc. citreum . None of the loci examined permitted differentiation at the subspecies level of Leuc. mesenteroides . Single‐locus analysis, as well as the concatenation of the pheS and tuf housekeeping gene sequences, yielded identical phylogenies for the Lactobacillus isolates corresponding to L. fermentum.

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