The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in South Africa : a systematic review protocol

Pheiffer, Carmen ; Pillay-Van Wyk, Victoria ; Joubert, Jane D. ; Levitt, Naomi ; Nglazi, Mweete D. ; Bradshaw, Debbie (2018-06)

CITATION: Pheiffer C. et al. 2018. The prevalence of type 2 diabetes in South Africa: a systematic review protocol. BMJ Open, 8(7):e021029, doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021029.

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Introduction Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a major source of morbidity and mortality in South Africa, spurred by increased urbanisation and unhealthy lifestyle factors. Local epidemiological data are required to inform health planning and policy. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, collate and synthesise all studies reporting the prevalence of diabetes in South Africa. A secondary aim is to report the prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose, conditions which are associated with an increased risk of progression to overt diabetes, and the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes. Methods and analysis Multiple databases will be searched for diabetes prevalence studies conducted in South Africa between 1997 and 2018. Two authors will independently select studies that meet the inclusion criteria, extract data and appraise studies using a risk of bias tool for prevalence studies. Studies with low or moderate risk of bias will be included. Sources of heterogeneity will be explored using subgroup analysis. Ethics and dissemination The systematic review does not require ethics clearance since published studies with non-identifiable data will be used. This review will provide best estimates to inform the Second National Burden of Disease study which can guide health and policy planning.

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