Recent Submissions

  • Mortality, morbidity, and hospitalisations due to influenza lower respiratory tract infections, 2017 : an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 

    Troeger, Christopher E.; Blacker, Brigette F.; Khalil, Ibrahim A.; Zimsen, Stephanie R. M.; Albertson, Samuel B.; Abate, Degu; Abdela, Jemal; Adhikari, Tara Ballav; Aghayan, Sargis Aghasi; Agrawal, Sutapa; Ahmadi, Alireza; Aichour, Amani Nidhal; Aichour, Ibtihel; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa M.; Alahdab, Fares; Alene, Kefyalew Addis; Aljunid, Syed Mohamed; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Anber, Nahla Hamed; Anjomshoa, Mina; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Aremu, Olatunde; Atalay, Hagos Tasew; Atique, Suleman; Attia, Engi F.; Avokpaho, Euripide F. G. A.; Awasthi, Ashish; Babazadeh, Arefeh; Badali, Hamid; Badawi, Alaa; Banoub, Joseph Adel Mattar; Barac, Aleksandra; Bassat, Quique; Bedi, Neeraj; Belachew, Abate Bekele; Bennett, Derrick A.; Bhattacharyya, Krittika; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Bijani, Ali; Carvalho, Felix; Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Christopher, Devasahayam J.; Dandona, Lalit; Dandona, Rakhi; Dang, Anh Kim; Daryani, Ahmad; Degefa, Meaza Girma; Demeke, Feleke Mekonnen; Dhimal, Meghnath; Djalalinia, Shirin; Doku, David Teye; Dubey, Manisha; Dubljanin, Eleonora; Duken, Eyasu Ejeta; Edessa, Dumessa; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Fakhim, Hamed; Fernandes, Eduarda; Fischer, Florian; Flor, Luisa Sorio; Foreman, Kyle J.; Gebremichael, Teklu Gebrehiwo; Geremew, Demeke; Ghadiri, Keyghobad; Goulart, Alessandra C.; Guo, Jingwen; Ha, Giang Hai; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Haj-Mirzaian, Arvin; Haj-Mirzaian, Arya; Hamidi, Samer; Hassen, Hamid Yimam; Hoang, Chi Linh; Horita, Nobuyuki; Hostiuc, Mihaela; Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi; Jha, Ravi Prakash; Jonas, Jost B.; Kahsay, Amaha; Karch, Andre; Kasaeian, Amir; Kassa, Tesfaye Dessale; Kefale, Adane Teshome; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Gulfaraz; Khan, Md Nuruzzaman; Khang, Young-Ho; Khoja, Abdullah T.; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kimokoti, Ruth W.; Kisa, Adnan; Knibbs, Luke D.; Kochhar, Sonali; Kosen, Soewarta; Koul, Parvaiz A.; Koyanagi, Ai; Defo, Barthelemy Kuate; Kumar, G. Anil; Lal, Dharmesh Kumar; Lamichhane, Prabhat; Leshargie, Cheru Tesema; Levi, Miriam; Li, Shanshan; Macarayan, Erlyn Rachelle King; Majdan, Marek; Mehta, Varshil; Melese, Addisu; Memish, Ziad A.; Mengistu, Desalegn Tadese; Meretoja, Tuomo J.; Mestrovic, Tomislav; Miazgowski, Bartosz; Milne, George J.; Milosevic, Branko; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M.; Moazen, Babak; Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin; Mohammed, Shafiu; Monasta, Lorenzo; Morawska, Lidia; Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam; Muhammed, Oumer Sada S.; Murthy, Srinivas; Mustafa, Ghulam; Naheed, Aliya; Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi; Nguyen, Nam Ba; Nguyen, Son Hoang; Nguyen, Trang Huyen; Nisar, Muhammad Imran; Nixon, Molly R.; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Olagunju, Andrew T.; Olagunju, Tinuke O.; Oren, Eyal; Ortiz, Justin R.; Mahesh, P. A.; Pakhale, Smita; Patel, Shanti; Paudel, Deepak; Pigott, David M.; Postma, Maarten J.; Qorbani, Mostafa; Rafay, Anwar; Rafiei, Alireza; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh; Roberts, Nicholas L. S.; Ronfani, Luca; Rubino, Salvatore; Safari, Saeed; Safiri, Saeid; Saleem, Zikria; Sambala, Evanson Zondani; Samy, Abdallah M.; Milicevic, Milena M. Santric; Sartorius, Benn; Sarvi, Shahabeddin; Savic, Miloje; Sawhney, Monika; Saxena, Sonia; Seyedmousavi, Seyedmojtaba; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Sharif, Mehdi; Sheikh, Aziz; Shigematsu, Mika; Smith, David L.; Somayaji, Ranjani; Soriano, Joan B.; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.; Sufiyan, Muawiyyah Babale; Temsah, Mohamad-Hani; Tessema, Belay; Teweldemedhin, Mebrahtu; Tortajada-Girbes, Miguel; Tran, Bach Xuan; Tran, Khanh Bao; Tsadik, Afewerki Gebremeskel; Ukwaja, Kingsley Nnanna; Ullah, Irfan; Vasankari, Tommi Juhani; Vu, Giang Thu; Wada, Fiseha Wadilo; Waheed, Yasir; West, T. Eoin; Wiysonge, Charles Shey; Yimer, Ebrahim M.; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Zaidi, Zoubida; Vos, Theo; Lim, Stephen S.; Murray, Christopher J. L.; Mokdad, Ali H.; Hay, Simon I.; Reiner, Robert C. (Elsevier, 2019)
    Background: Although the burden of influenza is often discussed in the context of historical pandemics and the threat of future pandemics, every year a substantial burden of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and ...
  • Health system performance for people with diabetes in 28 low- and middle-income countries : a cross-sectional study of nationally representative surveys 

    Manne-Goehler, Jennifer; Geldsetzer, Pascal; Agoudavi, Kokou; Andall- Brereton, Glennis; Aryal, Krishna K.; Bicaba, Brice Wilfried; Bovet, Pascal; Brian, Garry; Dorobantu, Maria; Gathecha, Gladwell; Gurung, Mongal Singh; Guwatudde, David; Msaidie, Mohamed; Houehanou, Corine; Houinato, Dismand; Jorgensen, Jutta Mari Adelin; Kagaruki, Gibson B.; Karki, Khem B.; Labadarios, Demetre; Martins, Joao S.; Mayige, Mary T.; McClure, Roy Wong; Mwalim, Omar; Mwangi, Joseph Kibachio; Norov, Bolormaa; Quesnel-Crooks, Sarah; Silver, Bahendeka K.; Sturua, Lela; Tsabedze, Lindiwe; Wesseh, Chea Stanford; Stokes, Andrew; Marcus, Maja; Ebert, Cara; Davies, Justine I.; Vollmer, Sebastian; Atun, Rifat; Barnighausen, Till W.; Jaacks, Lindsay M. (Public Library of Science, 2019)
    Background: The prevalence of diabetes is increasing rapidly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), urgently requiring detailed evidence to guide the response of health systems to this epidemic. In an effort to ...
  • Tuberculosis transmission in a hospitalised neonate : need for optimised tuberculosis screening of pregnant and postpartum women 

    Zenhausern, J.; Bekker, A.; Wates, M. A.; Schaaf, H. S.; Dramowski, A. (Health & Medical Publishing Group, 2019)
    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: A recent fatal case of confirmed nosocomial tuberculosis (TB) transmission to a neonate in a kangaroo mother care (KMC) unit highlighted the infection risk to hospitalised neonates in South Africa, a ...
  • Combination antiretroviral treatment use in prevention of mother-to-child transmission programmes : 6-week HIV prevalence and relationship to time of antiretroviral treatment initiation and mixed feeding 

    Ndarukwa, Victoria; Zunza, Moleen (AOSIS, 2019)
    Background: In Zimbabwe, 16% of pregnant women aged 15–49 years are infected with HIV. More than 90% of HIV infection in children is through mother-to-child transmission (MTCT). We investigated the effectiveness of the ...
  • Socio-cultural beliefs influence feeding practices of mothers and their children in Grand Popo, Benin 

    Lokossou, Yrence Urielle Amoussou; Tambe, Ayuk Betrand; Azandjeme, Colette; Mbhenyane, Xikombiso G. (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2021)
    Background: Malnutrition is a major public health problem. It contributes to the high death rate among children in developing countries despite the various advocacies of institutions such as WHO and FAO and many ...
  • A Retrospective study of the pre-hospital trauma burden managed by the Western Cape Government Emergency Medical Services 

    Abdullah, Naseef; Saunders, Colleen; McCaul, Michael; Nyasulu, Peter (Emergency Care Society of South Africa, 2021)
    Background: Trauma is one of the leading causes of premature death and disability in South Africa. There is a lack of data describing the pre-hospital trauma burden in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to describe the ...
  • The Philani Movie study : a cluster randomized controlled trial of a mobile video entertainment-education intervention to promote exclusive breastfeeding in South Africa 

    Adam, Maya; Tomlinson, Mark (Mark R.); Le Roux, Ingrid; LeFevre, Amnesty E.; McMahon, Shannon A.; Johnston, Jamie; Kirton, Angela; Mbewu, Nokwanele; Strydom, Stacy-Leigh; Prober, Charles; Bärnighausen, Till (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2019)
    Background: In South Africa, rates of exclusive breastfeeding remain low and breastfeeding promotion is a national health priority. Mobile health and narrative entertainment-education are recognized strategies for health ...
  • What the science of child and adolescent development contributes to understanding the impacts of COVID-19 

    Tomlinson, Mark; Richter, Linda; Slemming, Wiedaad (ASSAf, 2021)
    As of 8 September 2020, there were 27 236 916 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 891 031 deaths reported to the World Health Organization.1 The direct effects of SARS-CoV-2 (the virus) and COVID-19 (the disease ...
  • Being HIV positive and staying on antiretroviral therapy in Africa : a qualitative systematic review and theoretical model 

    Eshun-Wilson, Ingrid; Rohwer, Anke; Hendricks, Lynne; Oliver, Sandy; Garner, Paul (PLoS, 2019-01-10)
    Background : Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and long-term uninterrupted engagement in HIV care is difficult for HIV-positive people, and randomized trials of specific techniques to promote adherence often show ...
  • Time to optimal glycaemic control and prognostic factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in public teaching hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 

    Leulseged, Tigist W.; Ayele, Birhanu T. (PLoS, 2019-07-31)
    Aim: To estimate time to first optimal glycaemic control and identify prognostic factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients attending diabetes clinic of public teaching hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: ...
  • Examining associations of HIV and iron status with nutritional and inflammatory status, anemia, and dietary intake in South African school children 

    Goosen, Charlene; Baumgartner, Jeannine; Mikulic, Nadja; Barnabas, Shaun L.; Cotton, Mark F.; Zimmermann, Michael B.; Blaauw, Renee (MDPI, 2021)
    The etiology of multifactorial morbidities such as undernutrition and anemia in children living with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV+) on antiretroviral therapy (ART) is poorly understood. Our objective was to ...
  • Combining the theory of change and realist evaluation approaches to elicit an initial program theory of the MomConnect program in South Africa 

    Kabongo, Eveline M.; Mukumbang, Ferdinand C.; Delobelle, Peter; Nicol, Edward (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2020-11-26)
    Background: One of the Sustainable Development Goals is to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births by 2030. In South Africa, the flagship National Department of Health ...
  • Baseline audiological profiling of South African females with cervical cancer : an important attribute for assessing cisplatin-associated ototoxicity 

    Paken, Jessica; Govender, Cyril D.; Pillay, Mershen; Ayele, Birhanu T.; Sewram, Vikash (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2021-04-20)
    Background: Cisplatin is a popular antineoplastic agent used to treat cervical cancer in women from low and middle-income countries. Cisplatin treatment is associated with ototoxicity, often resulting in hearing loss. In ...
  • Strategies for involving patients and the public in scaling-up initiatives in health and social services : protocol for a scoping review and Delphi survey 

    Ben Charif, Ali; Plourde, Karine V.; Guay-Belanger, Sabrina; Zomahoun, Herve T. V.; Gogovor, Amede; Straus, Sharon; Beleno, Ron; Kastner, Kathy; McLean, Robert K. D.; Milat, Andrew J.; Wolfenden, Luke; Paquette, Jean-Sebastien; Geiger, Friedemann; Legare, France (BMC (part of Springer Nature), 2021-02-11)
    Background: The scale-up of evidence-based innovations is required to reduce waste and inequities in health and social services (HSS). However, it often tends to be a top-down process initiated by policy makers, and the ...
  • Prevalence of oral mucosal lesions and relation to serum cotinine levels - findings from a cross-sectional study in South Africa 

    Pontes, Carla Cruvinel; Chikte, Usuf M. E.; Kimmie-Dhansay, Faheema; Erasmus, Rajiv T.; Kengne, Andre P.; Matsha, Tandi E. (MDPI, 2020)
    Oral mucosal lesions (OML) can decrease oral health-related quality of life and some have the potential to become malignant. The aim of the present study was to report the prevalence of OML in relation to age, sex, and ...
  • Mechanical debridement with antibiotics in the treatment of chronic periodontitis : effect on systemic biomarkers - a systematic review 

    Munasur, Sudhir L.; Turawa, Eunice B.; Chikte, Usuf M. E.; Musekiwa, Alfred (MDPI, 2020)
    In this systematic review, we assessed the effectiveness of systemic antibiotics as an adjunctive therapy to mechanical debridement in improving inflammatory systemic biomarkers, as compared to mechanical debridement alone, ...
  • Assessing the uncertainty around age-mixing patterns in HIV transmission inferred from phylogenetic trees 

    Niyukuri, David; Nyasulu, Peter S.; Delva, Wim (Public Library of Science, 2021)
    Understanding age-mixing patterns in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) transmission networks can enhance the design and implementation of HIV prevention strategies in sub-Saharan Africa. Due to ethical consideration, it ...
  • The magnitude and determinants of missed opportunities for childhood vaccination in South Africa 

    Ndwandwe, Duduzile; Nnaji, Chukwudi A.; Wiysonge, Charles S. (MDPI, 2020-11-25)
    Missed opportunities for vaccination (MOV) may be among the factors responsible for suboptimal vaccination coverage in South Africa. However, the magnitude and determinants of MOV in the country are not known. Thus, this ...
  • A mega-aggregation framework synthesis of the barriers and facilitators to linkage, adherence to ART and retention in care among people living with HIV 

    Hendricks, Lynn; Eshun-Wilson, Ingrid; Rohwer, Anke (BMC, 2021)
    Background: People living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLHIV) struggle with the challenges of living with a chronic disease and integrating antiretroviral treatment (ART) and care into their daily lives. The aims ...
  • A review of adherence and predictors of adherence to the CONSORT Statement in the reporting of tuberculosis vaccine trials 

    Ngah, Veranyuy D.; Mazingisa, Akhona V.; Zunza, Moleen; Wiysonge, Charles S. (MDPI, 2020-12-16)
    The statement on Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) ensures transparency in the reporting of randomized trials. However, it is unclear if the statement has led to improvement in the quality of reporting ...

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