Masters Degrees (Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences (former Departments))


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 40
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    'n Projekevaluering van die aanbied van 'n paratransitdiens aan hoe-inkomstegroepe
    (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 1993-11) Botes, Francois Jacobus; Pienaar, W. J.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences. Dept. of Transport economics.
    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The increasing use of private transport during the peak periods is contributing to the congestion problem, which results in a decline in mobility in urban areas. Existing bus, minibus-taxi and rail commuter services appear to be unsuccessful in attracting car users to public transport. Simultaneously the diminishing overall accessibility of people without private transport is decreasing due to the decentralised land use and a decline in the quality of public transport services. This study investigates the technical, economic and financial feasibility of providing a paratransit service to the high income groups with the aim of improving the study group's mobility and overall accessibility. The Cape Town Metropolitan Transport Area was chosen as the study area for this investigation. Information is provided on (1) the operation of paratransit services elsewhere in the world, (2) the demand for and supply of commuter transport in the study area and (3) the operating cost of supplying a paratransit service to the high income group. The main findings of the study are that (1) a combination of mini and midibuses would be the most suitable vehicles for the provision of such a service, (2) the potential service would be economically viable and (3) the service would have to be subsidised in order to maintain an acceptable level of service.
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    Die voorsiening van alkoholiese drank aan die Bantoe met spesiale verwysing na Wes-Kaapland
    (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 1962-03) Jeppe, W. J. O.; Olivier, N. J. J.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Economic & Management Sciences. School of Public Leadership.
    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: no abstract available
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    Urban agriculture : food for thought
    (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2003-12) Van der Merwe, Louise; Khan, Firoz; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Economic and Managment Sciences. Dept. of Sustainable Development Planning & Management.
    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: An ever changing urban environment, limited economic opportunities and rising poverty, have brought into sharp relief the need for strategies that support the livelihoods of the poor. Urban areas are complex and dynamic systems. No town or city is immune from either external forces (globalisation) that dictate the need to adapt, or to internal pressures (the natural growth pattern of an urban population and rural-urban migration) that collectively can precipitate growth or decline. The formal sector cannot, in most instances, fulfil the need for secure, regular employment in the urban areas, which leads to increases in unemployment, gradual breakdown of basic services - visual evidence includes large squatter settlements in and around urban centres - and the not unlikely increase in food insecurity. There is no doubt that the future of urban centres is dependent on the effective absorption of the increasing number of urban dwellers into its environmental, economical and social structures, and public policy plays an important role in the success of this process. The important contribution of urban agriculture in bolstering food security of urban households raises critical planning issues. The spatial integration of our settlements is critical; it holds the potential to enhance economic efficiency and social development. Spatial strategies should be combined with economic and environmental programmes to form an integrated approach towards development. Urban agriculture could possibly catalyse broader developmental processes such as local economic development, whereby disadvantaged communities could potentially secure the benefits of employment and increase food security. The provision of opportunities for urban agriculture not only makes it possible to meet the food needs of the urban poor, but to also ensure sustainable human settlements.
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    The role of community participation and community empowerment in the planning and delivery of low-income housing : an evaluation of housing project 59 in Paarl
    (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2003-12) Oosthuizen, Jolandie; Khan, Firoz; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Economic & Management Sciences. Dept. of Sustainable Development Planning & Management.
    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: In the past, the policy for the provision of low-cost housing was, by and large, ineffective because apartheid planning spatially and economically marginalised the majority. The disenfranchisement of the majority and social engineering denied this majority any access and voice in shaping, or influencing the shape, of their living environment. Today, there are various pieces of legislation that emphasise and highlight the importance of community participation in development planning. The concept of community participation has repeatedly appeared in the literature as an approach that empowers people to take control over their own lives. The involvement of people in all aspects of planning and development programmes that affect them is a fundamental requirement for sustainable development. Satisfying basic human needs in participatory, empowering and sustainable formats is the essence of development. The study is descriptive and issue-orientated, limiting itself to the understanding of the process of community participation and empowerment in low-cost housing. Interviews were conducted with 75 respondents from male- and female-headed households, using a semi-structured questionnaire. The study records how respondents participated in the shaping of their living environments, and the extent to which they were/felt empowered by the housing delivery process. The findings suggest that participation contributed to empowerment, and an overwhelming 91% of the sample were satisfied with their level of involvement in the project. The findings of the study further indicates that, although there had been some effort to involve the community as a whole, as well as individual members in the project, the level of involvement, particularly of individuals, was not satisfactory. Beneficiaries were given information regarding the housing development and were offered opportunities to participate, but their views were not taken into account during the design and implementation phases. The recommendations provide some insights on how low-income housing delivery can be made more participatory, empowering and sustainable.
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    Omgewingsvolhoubaarheid met ontwikkeling
    (Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2003-03) Bosch, Johannes Hermanus; Muller, J. J.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Economic & Management Sciences . Dept. of Sustainable Development Planning & Management .
    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The interaction between people and their natural environment, as well as the manner in which it occurs, is of a complex nature. The sustainable use of natural resources should be strived for and our guideline should be sustainable development. A common phenomenon in low cost housing projects in South Africa is the dependency on the natural environment and the over-utilization of resources. Numerous poor rural and urban communities do not have the opportunity to think about this over-utilization, as their first priority is that of survival. Resource allocation in South Africa reflects a pattern of uneven distribution. In housing development the less fortunate are placed in poor ecological areas where the quality of the environment can scarcely maintain the minimum standard of living. This inequality not only hinders the promotion of a stable ecological basis, but also prevents nation-wide sustainable development. Due to this, the connection between poverty and ecology were made an environmental priority. The importance of integrating the environment and development, to achieve environmental sustainability, is acknowledged and therefore greater emphasis is placed on sustainable development. In this study an attempt is made to determine how natural environmental sustainability can be ensured with low cost housing development. In the process an evaluation instrument, consisting of three components, namely the principles of sustainable I development; natural environmental indicators for sustainable low cost housing development; and socio-economic indicators for sustainable low cost housing development, are designed to try to reconcile the natural environment and development through the phenomenon of sustainable development. An extensive literature study of relevant published and unpublished literature was done and forms the basis of this research study. A research survey, done by the University of Stellenbosch about the case study of Wesbank, and of which the researcher was part, is also utilised in this study.