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- ItemThe attainment of approximate ambidexterity in throwing and its relation to physical and mental efficiency as well as symmetry of posture(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 1944-09) Grundlingh-Malan, Jacomi Elizabeth; University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Education. Dept. of Educational Psychology.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Activities such as throwing are, as a rule, carried out only with the better arm. Mostly this one-sided execution is due to mere convenience. If attempts are made to justify it, in the main two arguments are advanced: In the first place, it is taken for granted that the inferior arm cannot make appreciable progress anyway, and it is therefore considered as not worthwhile exercising it. In the second place, it is believed that, if the inferior arm should improve by such a practice, this happens at the expense of efficiency in general, and may have detrimental consequences in some regards or other.
- ItemA conceptual analysis of teacher education in South Africa in relation to the norms and standards for educators(Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2004-12) Waghid, Y.; Adams, Noel David; University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Education. Dept. ofENGLISH ABSTRACT: Educators at schools are expected to implement education policy changes promulgated through policy frameworks by the Department of Education in South Africa. However, whether these teachers are equipped to implement education policy or whether they have interacted sufficiently with policy issues remains a contentious issue. My contention is that pre-service and in-service teachers are expected to perform certain roles and demonstrate certain competences, as required or implied by changing education policy frameworks, like the Norms and Standards for Educators (Department of Education, 2000), but might not necessarily be equipped to do so. This dissertation utilised conceptual analysis and a literature review, as research methods, to explore constitutive meanings of the concept 'education policy' in relation to teacher education transformation in post-apartheid South Africa, with reference to the Norms and Standards for Educators (Department of Education, 2000). Constitutive meanings (Fay, 1975) of post-apartheid teacher education refer to all those shared assumptions, definitions, and conceptions, which structure teacher education transformation and post-apartheid teacher education in certain definite ways. Without these constitutive meanings, according to Fay (1975: 76), social practices, like teacher education, could not exist. By revealing these constitutive meanings, in terms of the interpretive paradigm (Fay, 1975: 78), I have given a possible explanation of post-apartheid teacher education, by articulating the conceptual scheme that frames post-apartheid teacher education. These constitutive meanings, which were extracted from a literature review, were explored in relation to the main question of this dissertation: Can the new teacher education policy framework, as set out in the Norms and Standards for Educators of 2000, improve teaching and learning in South African schools? I argue that the latter process will not materialise because of question marks over the transformative potential of the Norms and Standards for Educators (Department of Education, 2000). The mentioned policy framework may be an inappropriate framework to structure and guide the transformation of existing teacher education practices because of certain conceptual gaps. These conceptual gaps are stumbling blocks to transform existing teacher education practice and improve teaching and learning in our schools in the post-apartheid era. I argue that these gaps could be bridged if the Norms and Standards for Educators are reconceptualised along the lines of Benhabib's (1994) deliberative democratic model. Deliberation is necessary because policy alone cannot lead to the transformation of post-apartheid teacher education. Deliberation is also necessary because of the limitations on the state's power to enforce its will through promulgated policy. More engagement, via deliberation, is needed between the government, educational leaders, policy-makers and the other policy actors, like teachers, bureaucrats and teacher education institutions. The arguments of Burbules (1997) and Biesta (2004) seem to substantiate my claim that education policy, alone, cannot lead to the improvement of teaching and learning in our schools. Burbules (1997) posits that teaching is a complex human endeavour that is characterised by predicaments or dilemmas, which cannot be permanently solved. I argue against the integration of the seven roles, as advocated by the Norms and Standards for Educators, because of certain dilemmas. We need the tragic perspective on teaching, of Burbules (1997), to approach teaching differently. Biesta (2004) also urges us to approach teaching differently, by advocating a new language for education.
- ItemDie geskiedenis van die onderwys te Aliwal-Noord tot 1910(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 1948-11) Potgieter, M. du T. (Matthys du Toit); Cruse, H. P.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Education . Deptartment of Policy Studies.VOORWOORD: Op 12 Mei 1949 sal die gemeenskap van Aliwal-Noord die stigting van die dorp, 100 jaar gelede, feestelik herdenk.Die voorgenome feesviering was die aanleidende oorsaak tot hierdie onderneming, wat bedoel is as 'n bydrae tot die insameling van gegewens aangaande die ontwikkelingsgeskiedenis van die dorp. Om verskeie rede was ek genoodsaak om die ondersoek tot die skole op die dorp te beperk. Tot my spyt kon ek ook nie daarin slaag om gegewens in te win omtrent die belangrike onderwyswerk deur die Rooms-katolieke Kerk nie, waarmee daar reeds in 1890 'n aanvang gemaak is en wat vandag op uitgebreide skaal voorgesit word.
- ItemDie geskiedenis van die opvoeding van meisies in Suid-Afrika tot 1910(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 1938-11) Weder, Ilse Hedwig; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Education. Dept. of Curriculum Studies.VOORWOORD: In hierdie verhandleing het ek my dit ten doel gestel om die Geskiedenis van die Opvoeding van Meisies in Suid-Afrika te probeer weer. Daar egter die Kaapprovinsie die voorbeeld vir die opvoeding van meisies in Suid-Afrika gestel het, het ek my alleen tot genoemde provinsie bepaal. Die tydperk in die verhandeling omvat strek van ongeveer 1800 tot 1910, omdat in 1804 vir die eerste keer in die Geskiedenis van Suid-Afrika spesiale voorsiening vir die opvoeding van meisies gemaak is. Om die rede het ek my hoofsaaklik bepaal by die wer van Ds. A. Murry en die N. G. Kerk omdat ons e.g. as die baanbreker van gevorderde onderwys vir meisies kan beskou.
- ItemDie geskiedenis van gimnastiek in Suid-Afrika tot 1989(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 1991-03) Boshoff, Andre Ludwig; Van der Merwe, F. J. G.; Van Zyl, D. J.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Education. Dept. of Sport Science.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Competitive gymnastics has been in existence in South Africa for more than a century. Gymnastics clubs were founded during the second half of the 19th century in various centres in the country. Such clubs were established essentially at the instance of immigrants or aliens who were in South Africa for economic, military or other reasons. The first club, the Port Elizabeth Gymnastics Club, was founded in 1876, although British soldiers spontaneously practised the sport in Cape Town prior to that date. The Cape Town Gymnastic Society and the YMCA Gymnastic Society were established in the early 80's. t the time, the discovery of South Africa's mineral wealth led to the expansion and establishment of sports activities in the interior. The Kimberley Gymnasium and the Pirates Gymnastic Club were established in 1884 and 1886 respectively on the Kimberley diamond-fields. The first gymnastic competition in South Africa took place here at the end of 1885, during the inauguration of the railway line.
- ItemDie invloed van familie-huwelike op intelligensie(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 1938-11) McLachlan, Philip; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Education. Dept. of Educational Psychology.AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Hierdie werk stel hom ten doel op wetenskaplike wyse die verskynsel van ondertrou (familie-huwelike) nader te ondersoek, teneinde te probeer bepaal of dit enige invloed uitoefen op die intellegensie van die nageslag.
- ItemPast and present perceptions surrounding mission education : a historical-metabletical overview(Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 1999-12) Lewis, Andrew; Steyn, J. C.; University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Education. Dept. of Curriculum StudiesENGLISH ABSTRACT: Africa, education has both reflected, and has been subjected to numerous perceptions, which inevitably led to various ideas and behaviour on the part of those participating in the educative act. Perceptions of others, objects or situations remain complex. The thoughts and behaviour which emanate from such complexity depend on factors such as personality, motivation, and social context. Culture also plays a cardinal role in the perceptual process. In the Republic of South Africa, as a culturally diverse country, divergent perceptions about education, where multi-culturalism is most evident, will be inevita ble. Mission education has been variedly adjudged, because of varied perceptions. This is understandable, as Black South Africans had been educated pre-dominantly by White missionaries up until the 1950's. Generally, politicians, academics and the media tend to give one-sided viewpoints, negating other interpretations and balanced perspectives. This takes place because of ignorance, bias or self-interest. Two commonly held perceptions about missionaries, are that they were racist and that their education system promoted colonialism. The understanding of racism, colonialism and missionaries' role therein, is in turn determined by numerous factors amongst historians, academics, politicians and journalists. The perceptions of each of these groups are often determined by partisan interests, which inevitably lead to unfair generalisations and stereotypes, since the rnetabletical nature of education is denied.In order to dissertate on past educational events, they need to be read contextually, taking into account both temporal and spatial dimensions of historical reality. When analysing historical perceptions, one needs to critically evaluate diverse interpretations of the past, and attempt to present a balanced perspective, instead of presenting a biased outlook,which tends to favour a specific hypothesis. This research critically analyses the various perceptions (past and present) surrounding mission education in South Africa, according to historical-metabletical guidelines, that they may be presented within a more balanced historical perspective.
- ItemThe problems of implementing a communicative approach to English as a second language (higher grade)(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 1994-12) Van der Merwe, Dawid Johannes; Ridge, E.; Roux, M. L.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Education. Dept. of Curriculum Studies.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: In 1986 a new English Second Language syllabus for the Junior and Senior Secondary Course was introduced in the Cape· Province. The overall aim of the syllabus is communicative competence and it advocates a communicative approach (CA) to teaching English Second Language. At the inception of the communicative approach most teachers were i~rnorant of what it comprised and this study undertook to determine whether teachers understood what Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) was and if they applied it in their teaching. At first the demands of society and how this had influenced language teaching through the ages was investigated. Communicative competence was demanded at different stages in history and it is at these different stages where the CA has its roots. Many of the principles of the CA, it was discovered, had been applied by teachers and theorists many centuries ago. Teachers and theorists who teach language for communication see language in a different light. Language and its unique properties are investigated, and with an emphasis · on language as communication. Different ways of using language to communicate are investigated and questions like ''Where does meaning reside? What are the kinds of meaning?" and "How can we control meaning?" are discussed. Prior to the introduction of the CA, second language teaching had been devoted to mastery of structures. However, with the new insights gained about language and meaning, the focus shifted to meaning in coherent discourse rather than on discrete forms. With the shift in focus teachers also had to adjust their teaching to meet the demands. At this stage a brief discussion of the CA and the essentials of a communicative curriculum is provided. The comparison between traditional and communicative approaches is made. An account of CLT methodology is given, including exploration of communicative competence. Many practical examples of CLT are explained. In the empirical study a questionnaire was distributed to the ESL teachers at thirty schools in the Boland and Northern Suburbs of Cape Town. The aim of the research was to determine whether ESL teachers teach communicatively. The findings of the study were that teachers who were trained before 1986 and those trained subsequently have a limited view of the CA. Consequently they cannot apply it to their teaching and seem to revert to a structural interpretation of the syllabus. This study then, confirms that teachers do not have a full understanding of what the CA comprises and consequently teachers do not teach "communicatively".
- ItemProfessional military education in the South African national defence force : the role of the military academy(Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2007-03) Esterhuyse, Abel Jacobus; Scholtz, L.; Kapp, C. A.; University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Education.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The study represents a descriptive analysis of the tensions that drive the need for an educated military in South Africa and, more specifically the role of the South African Military Academy in the provision thereof. The purpose of the research was to demarcate the proper role of the South African Military Academy in the academic and professional preparation of officers for the South African National Defence Force (SANDF). This purpose necessitated, firstly, an analysis of the need for education in armed forces in general and in South Africa in particular, with specific reference to the tensions underpinning military education and training. It secondly called for a broad assessment of the nature of professional military education in the SANDF at large to contextualise the role and function of the South African Military Academy. These discussions are based on a literature overview, document analysis and unstructured interviews with decision makers. In the first part of the study, a framework is developed for the education of officers. The framework is based on the assumption that modern military professionalism is rooted in a need for training to develop military skills, education to understand and develop the military body of knowledge and experience as the application of skills and knowledge. It is also based on the identification of four knowledge clusters that need to be the focus of officer education, namely the external security environment within which armed forces operate, the nature of armed forces as organisations, the professional employment of armed force(s), and the physical environment within which armed forces operate. The framework highlights three levels of officer development: the making of lieutenants, the making of colonels, and the making of generals. This framework is used for the analysis of education, training and development in the SANDF. Both the positive and negative attributes as well as trends in training and education in the SANDF are discussed. The discussion serves as the departing point for an outline of the debate about the role of the Military Academy since democratisation in 1994. It is argued that there is no clarity about the role and function of the Military Academy. Critical questions are also asked about the nature of the academic programmes offered to officers at the Military Academy. The departmental level agreement between the Department of Defence and the University of Stellenbosch is pointed out as the raison d'être for many of the problems with which the Military Academy is confronted. The study finally highlights the need for education as a requirement for officership in the SANDF, a reconsideration of military socialisation at the Military Academy, the difficult position of the Faculty of Military Science, the need for a core academic programme, and structural changes that are needed at the Military Academy. It is recommended that, like many foreign military academies, the future existence of the Military Academy be assured through national legislation. The involvement of the University of Stellenbosch in the education of young officers at the Military Academy should not be terminated. However, the existence, functioning, organisation and structure of the Military Academy should not be based on a “goodwill-approach” between the University and the Department of Defence.
- ItemA school-based, balanced approach to early reading instruction for English additional language learners in grades one to four(Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2008-03) Nathanson, Renee Riette; Ridge, E.; Menkveld, H.; University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Education. Dept. of Curriculum Studies.Given that schooling is compulsory and that the quality of literacy instruction that children receive in the primary years lays the foundation for the rest of formal learning, management and teachers are under strong pressure to ensure the improvement of literacy in schools. This study reports on a literacy intervention directed at improving literacy instruction for seventytwo English Additional Language (EAL) learners in grades one to four. The intervention aimed to help teachers maximise teaching time through a theoretically sound approach that balanced language experience, shared and guided reading and writing, and embedded phonics and word level instruction within the context of reading and writing. In doing so, the approach breaks with the traditional position still held by many teachers that learners must first be taught to sound out letters and read words before they can be taught to read and write. Daily features of the literacy programme included whole class shared reading and small group guided reading and writing. Whereas shared reading engaged learners in lively literacy experiences on challenging texts, small group guided reading enabled teachers to match instruction and texts more closely to individual learners' needs. During shared and guided reading sessions, teachers modelled behaviours and strategies on interesting texts, interacted with learners and provided direct instruction in phonics and word level work. Once a week, planned outings and practical activities created opportunities for developing the learners' language and extending their conceptual understandings.
- Item'n Studentgesentreerde opleidingsraamwerk vir kliniese verpleegpraktisyns in Noord-Kaapse plattelandse gemeenskappe.(Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch, 2006-12) Van der Walt, Stephanie; Kapp, C. A.; Welmann, E. B.; University of Stellenbosch. Faculty of Education. Dept. of Curriculum Studies.During the past twelve years of democracy health care services in South Africa have been influenced by political, social and economic change. As a result of the transformation of health care services and the change of political policy, the focus on primary health care increased. During the early stages of the transformation of health care services stakeholders realized that in order to provide an extensive health care service specialized training is required. Various educational institutions provided formal and informal programmes in order to meet the new challenges of the nursing profession. Although minimum requirements of the content and clinical practice have been established by the nursing council, the mode of presentation, costs, duration and type of qualification awarded to clinical nursing practitioners differed substantially. Uniformity in terms of programme content was lacking, neither were any scientifically founded attempts made to establish whether these programmes fulfilled the needs of the student in the rural community. Although a variety of training programmes exist the number of trained clinical nursing practitioners is still inadequate. In addition training is focused on the urban community. The objective of the research was to determine the opinion of the rural nurse on clinical nursing education, and to develop a training framework based on their input which would meet their needs. This research was conducted from an explanatory-descriptive paradigm. The case study was used as research design. A literature study on the development of primary health care both internationally and nationally was done. The literature study revealed the development of training programmes for clinical nurses. Chapter three of the literature study is dedicated to the theoretical aspects of the design of a student centered training framework for the adult student. A student centered training framework has created from data gathered via questionnaires completed by clinical nurses and semi-structured interviews with semi-qualified nurses. Semistructured interviews have also been conducted with the supervisors of nurses working in clinics and community health centres in the Northern Cape. The conclusion that respondents showed a positive attitude towards training in clinical nursing was encouraging. The majority of respondents indicated that they would welcome an additional qualification which will improve their knowledge and would result in better patient care. The respondents highlighted staff shortages, financial constraints and family responsibility as the main obstacles towards these qualifications. During the research it became clear that no formal training is currently available in Kimberley. This is as a result of the absence of mentors. Although the respondents have limited access to computers they indicated that they would prefer computer supported training in conjunction with physical contact sessions. The research indicated that no formal policy on the training of clinical nurses exists in the rural Northern Cape. In the absence of a training framework the research further contributed towards the development of a student centered training framework for clinical nurses in rural Northern Cape. The research succeeded in highlighting the necessity for formal policy on the training of clinical nurses in rural Northern Cape.
- ItemThe training of ABET educators and educators-in -training in the Nebo-district of the Northern Province(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2000-12) Mminele, Monanana Margaret; Kapp, C. A.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Education. Centre for Higher and Adult Education.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The proper training of Adult Basic Education and Training (ABET) educators-in-training could play an important role in the eradication of illiteracy in South Africa. ABET is a tool that can be applied to redress the imbalances of the past. Proper training implies the real, effective and accredited training that would be recognized by the National Qualifications Framework (NQF). The way the training of ABET educators is presented is lacking some form of recognition from other institutions. The research was undertaken in the Native Employment Bureau Offices (NEBO) District of the Northern Province in South Africa during the period from July 1997 to August 1999. The purpose of the research was twofold. Firstly to establish whether the programmes that are used by the various institutions to train ABET educators in the NEBO district are effective. That is whether those people who had been trained as ABET educators can teach adult learners in such a way that they are accepted by the learners and that there will be a decrease in the high numbers of illiterate people as a result of what ABET learners are taught. Secondly how suitable the people who are used to present these programmes are in relation to what is required of ABET educators. A literature review was done to establish the ABET activities in both developed and developing countries. In each of the countries the need and examples of the training of ABET educators were looked at. It was found that the same problems were experienced. Under the developed countries, Ireland was used as an example and for the developing countries South Africa and Tanzania were studied. In South Africa three ABET training programmes were studied and compared. These progammes are Project Literacy (PROUT), University of South Africa (UNISA) ABET Institute and the Rural Enterprise Agricultural Project (REAP). Qualitative data was obtained by means of the interviews, observation and analysis of existing data from the governmental documents. The result of the qualitative data showed a difference among the four groups of ABET educators. The group that was trained by the past PROUT, UNISA ABET and REAP programmes showed a higher level of understanding and empowerment in training the ABET learners. The present PROUT training programme was not so effective to train ABET educators-in-training. This research showed that the three ABET training programmes were producing different kinds of ABET educators with different status. By status is meant the recognition of the training by means of a certificate or a diploma. The research also indicated that the trainers of the trainees did not implement all of the written materials. The most important recommendation is that the National ABET Directorate should integrate the three training methods for better eradication of illiteracy, by means of well recognized trained ABET educators. The value of the research was that one integrated ABET curriculum was recommended that probably would be better for the achievement of the goals that are set by the National ABET Directorate.
- ItemUitkomsgebaseerde onderwys vir leerders met verstandelik erg-gestremdheid(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2007-12) Dorfling, Pieter Stephanus; Engelbrecht, P.; Theron, M. J.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Education. Dept. of Specialising Education.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Since 2001 an inclusive approach is being followed in education in South Africa. According to this approach all learners must be taught in one education system and according to the same curriculum, namely the National Curriculum Statement Grades R to 9 (Schools). To ensure that this outcomes-based curriculum is relevant and effective in the teaching of learners with a severe intellectual disability, it is important to evaluate the curriculum and to adapt it if necessary. Learners with a severe intellectual disability form a distinctive educational community marked by their high need for continuous support, specific educational strategies and appropriate learning content. In the past, these learners received their education outside the mainstream of education according to an own, appropriate curriculum. However, since 2004 they have been required to receive their education according to the National Curriculum Statement Grades R to 9 (Schools). The aim of this research was to establish the effectiveness and relevance of the National Curriculum Statement Grades R to 9 (Schools) in the education of learners with a severe intellectual disability. A mixed-method research design, which included a literature survey, an empirical, as well as focus group interviews, was applied. By means of the literature survey, the demands were determined that are made on the curriculum by learners with a severe intellectual disability, their parents, the community, and the work community. The demands that educators make on the curriculum were determined by means of an empirical survey. This survey revealed that outcomes-based education is not generally implemented in the 21 schools included in this study. These findings formed the basis on which curriculum evaluation criteria were developed and according to which the National Curriculum Statement Grades R to 9 (Schools) was evaluated. By applying these criteria it was established that in some instances the National Curriculum Statement Grades R to 9 (Schools) does not comply with the demands of the determinants. The deduction could however be made that the National Curriculum Statement Grades R to 9 (Schools) has sufficient adaptable built-in features to be effective and relevant for learners with a severe intellectual disability. Recommendations were made on how best to make the necessary adaptations.
- ItemWilgenhof : die geskiedenis van 'n losiesinrigting op Stellenbosch(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 1939-03) Marais, M. P.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Education.ENGLISH ABSTRACT : No abstract available.