Browsing by Author "Basson, Maylene"
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- ItemDie bevordering van woordeskat en leesbegrip by Xhosa-moedertaalsprekers in graad 4-6 in Afrikaanse skole(SA Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns, 2013-09) Basson, Maylene; Le Cordeur, MichaelResults of the Annual National Assessment tests indicate that only 28% of all learners in South Africa performed at an internationallly acceptable level. The situation is compounded by Xhosa parents exercising their democratic right by enrolling their children in English or Afrikaans medium schools. The purpose of this study was to develop a literacy intervention programme to improve the vocabulary and reading comprehension of isiXhosa mother tongue speakers in grade 4 to 6 Afrikaans classes. Secondly, the study aimed to determine whether the implementation of the literacy intervention programme will lead to the improvement of the vocabulary and reading comprehension of isiXhosa learners. The research methods employed were a literature review supported by an empirical investigation that included pre- and post-tests with learners and interviews with educators. A mixed method research design was used. The theoretical basis of the study is Piaget’s theory of cognitive development as well as Vygotsky’s social interactive language acquisition theory. Three theories of second language acquisition were explored. They are the communicative approach, shared reading and the schema-theory. Research has been conducted at a previously disenfranchised primary school in Stellenbosch. Twenty isiXhosa mother tongue speakers in grades 4 to 6 Afrikaans classes at this school took part in the study. Second language acquisition is multifaceted and draws from a number of disciplines (Eisenchlas 2009). Large numbers of learners from lower-income homes experience delays in vocabulary and reading comprehension (Pollard-Durodola, Gonzalez, Simmons, Kwok, Taylor & Davis 2011). Emotional experiences in the classroom determine how motivated learners will be to participate in the learning process. It is therefore essential that educators assist learners to develop self confidence (Linnenbrink & Pintrich 2000). The intervention program was conducted once a week for six months during the Afrikaans period. Skills prescribed in the home language curriculum were included in the intervention program. They are (i) listening and speaking and (ii) reading and viewing. The results of the study indicate that the implementation of the literacy intervention programme led to the improvement of the learners’ vocabulary and reading comprehension. The interviews verified the results of the standardised tests. The study concludes that some isiXhosa speaking parents choose to enroll their children at Afrikaans medium schools, because they are of the opinion that higher standards exist in these schools. They are, however, unaware of the important role that mother tongue education plays in learner achievement. Secondly, teacher training does not equip educators with the skills of language acquisition, thus they are unable to support these learners (O’Connor & Geiger; Hooijer & Fourie 2009). The study therefore recommends that educators be equipped with skills and knowledge to deal with language diversity. A second recommendation is that the value of mother tongue education be communicated to isiXhosa speaking parents in order to convince them of the value thereof.
- ItemEffektiewe ondersteuning aan Xhosa-moedertaalsprekers in Afrikaansmediumklasse(Stellenbosch University, 2014) Basson, Maylene; Le Cordeur, MichaelDie koms van demokrasie in 1994 en die aanvaarding van Suid-Afrika se Grondwet in 1996 (RSA, 1996), waarin die reg van elkeen om onderrig in die amptelike taal van sy/haar keuse te ontvang, verskans is, het nuwe uitdagings aan opvoeders gestel. Volgens hierdie Grondwet het elkeen die reg om onderrig in enige van die amptelike tale in publieke skole te ontvang. Sommige Xhosa-sprekende ouers oefen hierdie reg uit deur hulle kinders in Afrikaansmediumskole te plaas. Hulle is van mening dat dit vir hulle kinders beter geleenthede in die toekoms sal bied. Resultate van die Jaarlikse Nasionale Assesseringstoetse (ANA’s) toon dat daar 'n toename van Xhosa-moedertaalsprekers in Afrikaansmediumskole is wat nie hulle volle potensiaal ontwikkel nie as gevolg van die feit dat hulle min of geen Afrikaans magtig is. Dit is dus belangrik dat opvoeders[i] toegerus word met die nodige vaardighede om leerders met diverse agtergronde en moedertale te ondersteun. In die lig hiervan is hierdie ondersoek onderneem met die doel om 'n geletterdheids-intervensieprogram te ontwikkel om die woordeskat en leesbegrip van Xhosa-moedertaalsprekers in graad 4 tot 6-Afrikaansmediumklasse te bevorder. Die resultate van die ondersoek dui aan dat die implementering van die geletterdheidsintervensieprogram tot 'n verbetering in die Xhosa-moedertaalsprekers wat by hierdie studie betrek is, se woordeskat en leesbegrip in Afrikaans kan lei.
- ItemLeesbegripprobleme van niemoedertaalsprekers in Afrikaanshuistaalklasse : moontlike oplossingstrategieë(LitNet, 2018) Basson, Maylene; Le Cordeur, MichaelENGLISH ABSTRACT: The Constitution of South Africa and the Language in Education Policy (LiEP) promulgated in 1998 both recognise the equal status of 11 official languages in South Africa. The aim of the LiEP is to ensure meaningful access to education for all learners. Parents of non-mother-tongue speaking children exercise their democratic right by enrolling their children in Afrikaans- or English-medium schools, because they believe education in Afrikaans- or English-medium will give them an advantage in the future. Consequently, teachers in South Africa are challenged by the presence of diverse languages and cultures in their classes, which poses unique challenges in the classroom. Epistemological issues relevant to teaching pedagogies are not emphasised sufficiently during in-service teacher training. The ability of teachers to develop new knowledge as well as thinking about and finding new solutions has therefore been inhibited. It is important that teachers realise the implications that epistemological issues have for reading comprehension skills. This includes the education of non-mother-tongue speakers in Afrikaans Home Language classes. Teacher development has not incorporated knowledge of the relationship between language and cognition, or strategies for promoting reading comprehension in a non-mother-tongue environment. This article reports on a study which investigated and addressed the professional development needs of teachers to improve their pedagogies regarding the reading comprehension of non-mother-tongue speakers in Afrikaans-medium classes. A professional development programme was designed and implemented based on collected data. The investigation was undertaken against the background of the poor overall achievement of pupils in the national systemic evaluations and international assessment studies, which is currently a cause of great concern. Teachers have indicated that they feel frustrated and overwhelmed, because they do not have adequate knowledge to support non-mother-tongue speakers in their classes. Therefore, they have expressed the need for professional development to assist them to improve their pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) in this regard. One of the learning theories underpinning the National Curriculum Statement (NCS) is socio-constructivism. Implications of socio-constructivism for teachers are that they should not only provide an environment within which pupils can discover and explore on their own, but that the teachers should also consider themselves to be active participants with their pupils by learning from them, giving information, reminders and encouragement. However, the continued dichotomising of teacher-centred and learner-centred pedagogies is not helpful for improving the quality of teaching, because teachers continue to practise both approaches. Teacher trainers should therefore keep this in mind when planning professional development activities. This should take place through discussion, problem-solving, exploration of different reading and comprehension strategies and their implementation. This enables teachers to construct their own knowledge, establishing them as independent learners. Action research as part of a mixed-method approach was the chosen design for this study. Empirical data was generated by two cycles of this action research study. In this way, research questions could be explored without the constraints of using only one research method. During the first cycle the problems that lead to the poor performance of non-mother-tongue speakers in primary schools in South Africa were investigated. This investigation included a literature review of the status of literacy in South Africa, the causes of poor comprehension skills of non-mother-tongue speakers, and the processes of reading and reading comprehension. This was followed by a questionnaire to gather quantitative and qualitative data on the professional development needs of in-service teachers. Data gathered from the literature study as well as the questionnaires was used to design a professional development programme to expand the existing pedagogical repertoire of in-service teachers so that they are better able to support the reading comprehension of non-mother-tongue speakers in their Intermediate Phase Afrikaans classes. During cycle two a professional development programme was implemented to address the identified professional development needs of the teachers, which included the following: understanding action research, practising reflective thinking, deepening their knowledge of the process of reading by discussing the different reading models and their respective advantages and disadvantages, reading strategies, reading comprehension strategies, and lastly strategies to enhance vocabulary. After completing this programme the teachers implemented the new pedagogies in their classes. The participating teachers recorded their experiences in journals, which produced valuable qualitative data regarding the classroom implementation process. Furthermore, classroom observations were conducted by the researchers to determine whether the teachers were able to implement the pedagogies acquired during the professional development sessions. Additional data was obtained by conducting semi-structured interviews. The qualitative data was coded and grouped into categories by using the research questions, questionnaires, interview schedules and observation schedules as guidelines. Data collected from these data sources was analysed and discussed and then compared in what is called side-by-side comparison. Quantitative data was analysed by the Centre for Statistical Analysis (CSA) of the University of Stellenbosch by using the McNemar Chi-square test as well as the mixed-model repeated measures “analysis of variance” (ANOVAs). Findings before commencement of the professional development programme indicated that the majority of the respondents had received no professional development on reading models and reading strategies, nor on comprehension strategies to enhance the reading and comprehension skills of the non-mother-tongue speakers in their Afrikaans-medium classes. Furthermore, 84% of the respondents indicated that they do not explicitly teach comprehension strategies. The study indicated that the professional development programme may have had a positive influence on the PCK of the participating teachers regarding reading models and strategies as well as comprehension strategies. Similarly, the programme may have resulted in increased implementation of these strategies in their classes, as indicated by the 92% of participants who explicitly taught comprehension strategies after the conclusion of the professional development programme. The results show that the participants’ implementation of action research may have contributed to effective application of reading and reading comprehension strategies. The responsibility to ensure that pre- and in-service teachers receive professional development, which should include the appropriate methodologies and strategies to adequately support the literacy skills of non-mother-tongue speakers, lies with universities and the Department of Basic Education. The study, its findings and recommendations can therefore be used as a resource for the development of training programmes to improve teacher PCK regarding the enhancement of the reading comprehension of non-mother-tongue speakers.
- ItemProfessionele ontwikkeling vir Afrikaans huistaal-onderwysers ter bevordering van leesbegrip van niemoedertaalsprekers(Suid-Afrikaanse Akademie vir Wetenskap en Kuns, 2017-12) Basson, Maylene; Le Cordeur, MichaelHierdie studie ondersoek die professionele ontwikkelingsbehoeftes van onderwysers met betrekking tot die bevordering van die leesbegrip van niemoedertaalsprekers in Afrikaans-huistaalklasse. Gebaseer op die data wat gegenereer is, is 'n professionele ontwikkelingsprogram ontwerp en geomplementeer. Onderwysers het aangedui dat hulle oorweldig en gefrustreerd voel, omdat hulle nie oor die nodige kennis beskik om die niemoedertaalsprekers in hulle klasse in die Intermediêre fase te ondersteun nie en het behoefte gehad aan professionele ontwikkeling sodat hulle pedagogiese inhoudskennis in dié verband uitgebrei kan word. Hierdie studie het 'n gemengde navorsingsbenadering gevolg. Empiriese data is gegenereer op die volgende wyses: kwantitatiewe (vraelyste) en kwalitatiewe data (vraelyste, onderwysersjoernale, klaskamerwaarnemings en onderhoude met onderwysers). Aangesien hierdie studie die professionele ontwikkeling van onderwysers behels, is 'n teoretiese raamwerk, wat hulle voortgesette professionele ontwikkeling en groei in ag neem, oorweeg soos beskryf deur Shulman (1986) se teoretiese raamwerk. Gesprekke voor die aanvang van die studie dui daarop dat die meerderheid respondente geen professionele ontwikkeling ondergaan het aangaande die bevordering van lees- en leesbegripstrategieë van niemoedertaalsprekers in hulle Afrikaans Huistaal-klasse nie en die meerderheid respondente het aangedui dat hulle nie leesbegripstrategieë eksplisiet onderrig nie. Bevindinge van die studie dui daarop dat die professioneleontwikkelingsprogram 'n positiewe invloed op die pedagogiese inhoudskennis van die deelnemende onderwysers rakende leesmodelle en -strategieë sowel as leesbegripstrategieë gehad het. Eweneens het die professioneleontwikkelingsprogram gelei tot die verhoogde implementering van leesbegripstrategieë in hulle klasse. Voorts dui die resultate daarop dat aksienavorsing moontlik 'n bydrae kon lewer tot die effektiewe toepassing van lees- en leesbegripstrategieë in hulle klasse. Die studie, die bevindinge en aanbevelings kan as verwysing dien wanneer professionele ontwikkeling van onderwysers beplan word veral wat betref die bevordering van onderwysers se pedagogiese inhoudskennis aangaande lees- en leesbegripstrategieë van niemoedertaalsprekers.