50 years of Emmonsia disease in humans : the dramatic emergence of a cluster of novel fungal pathogens

Schwartz, Ilan S. ; Kenyon, Chris ; Feng, Peiying ; Govender, Nelesh P. ; Dukik, Karolina ; Sigler, Lynne ; Jiang, Yanping ; Stielow, J. Benjamin ; Munoz, Jose F. ; Cuomo, Christina A. ; Botha, Alfred ; Stchigel, Alberto M. ; De Hoog, G. Sybren (2015)

CITATION: Schwartz, I. S. et al. 2015. 50 years of Emmonsia disease in humans : the dramatic emergence of a cluster of novel fungal pathogens. PLoS Pathogens, 11(11): e1005198, doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1005198.

The original publication is available at http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens

Article

New species of Emmonsia-like fungi, with phylogenetic and clinical similarities to Blastomyces and Histoplasma, have emerged as causes of systemic human mycoses worldwide. They differ from classical Emmonsia species by producing a thermally-dependent, yeast-like phase rather than adiaspores, and by causing disseminated infections, predominantly in immunocompromised patients and often with high case-fatality rates. Such differences will be important for clinicians to consider in diagnosis and patient management, and for microbiologists who may encounter these fungi with increasing frequency.

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