Recent Submissions

  • Prioritising potential incursions for contingency planning : pathways, species, and sites in Durban (eThekwini), South Africa as an example 

    Padayachee, Ashlyn L.; Proched, Serban; Wilson, John R. U. (Pensoft Publishers, 2019-06-19)
    Increased trade and travel have resulted in an increasing rate of introduction of biological organisms to new regions. Urban environments, such as cities, are hubs for human activities facilitating the introduction of alien ...
  • The potential evolutionary impact of invasive balloon vines on native soapberry bugs in South Africa 

    Foster, Jarryd D.; Ellis, Allan G.; Foxcroft, Llewellyn C.; Carroll, Scott P.; Le Roux, Johannes (Pensoft Publishers, 2019-07-25)
    Following their establishment in new communities, invasive species may cause evolutionary changes in resident native species. This is clearly true for phytophagous insects, which may adapt rapidly when utilising abundant ...
  • Assessing the association between pathways of alien plant invaders and their impacts in protected areas 

    Foxcroft, Llewellyn C.; Spear, Dian; Van Wilgen, Nicola J.; McGeoch, Melodie A. (Pensoft Publishers, 2019-03-05)
    Protected areas face mounting pressures, including invasion by alien plant species. Scientifically sound information is required to advise invasive species management strategies, where early detection and rapid response ...
  • Geographic variation of reproductive traits and competition for pollinators in a bird‐pollinated plant 

    Theron, Genevieve L.; De Waal, Caroli; Barrett, Spencer C. H.; Anderson, Bruce (Wiley Open Access, 2019)
    Geographic variation in the reproductive traits of animal-pollinated plants can be shaped by spatially variable selection imposed by differences in the local pollination environment. We investigated this process in Babiana ...
  • Human dependence on natural resources in rapidly urbanising South African regions 

    Balbi, Stefano; Selomane, Odirilwe; Sitas, Nadia; Blanchard, Ryan; Kotzee, Ilse; O’Farrell, Patrick; Villa, Ferdinando (IOP Publishing, 2019-03-29)
    Enhancing the governance of social-ecological systems for more equitable and sustainable development is hindered by inadequate knowledge about how different social groups and communities rely on natural resources. We used ...
  • The volcano rabbit in the phylogenetic network of lagomorphs 

    Sparwel, Maximiliane; Doronina, Liliya; Churakov, Gennady; Stegemann, Anja; Brosius, Jurgen; Robinson, Terence J.; Schmitz, Jurgen; Notes, Author (Oxford University Press, 2018)
    The order Lagomorpha unifies pikas (Ochotonidae) and the hares plus rabbits (Leporidae). Phylogenetic reconstructions of the species within Leporidae based on traditional morphological or molecular sequence data provide ...
  • Conservation, divergence, and functions of centromeric satellite DNA families in the Bovidae 

    Escudeiro, Ana; Adega, Filomena; Robinson, Terence J.; Heslop-Harrison, John S.; Chaves, Raquel (Oxford University Press, 2019)
    Repetitive satellite DNA (satDNA) sequences are abundant in eukaryote genomes, with a structural and functional role in centromeric function. We analyzed the nucleotide sequence and chromosomal location of the five known ...
  • Global agricultural productivity is threatened by increasing pollinator dependence without a parallel increase in crop diversification 

    Aizen, Marcelo A.; Aguiar, Sebastian; Biesmeijer, Jacobus C.; Garibaldi, Lucas A.; Inouye, David W.; Jung, Chuleui; Martins, Dino J.; Medel, Rodrigo; Morales, Carolina L.; Ngo, Hien; Pauw, Anton; Paxton, Robert J.; Saez, Agustín; Seymour, Colleen L. (Wiley, 2019)
    The global increase in the proportion of land cultivated with pollinator-dependent crops implies increased reliance on pollination services. Yet agricultural practices themselves can profoundly affect pollinator supply and ...
  • Tanshinone production could be increased by the expression of SmWRKY2 in Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy roots 

    Deng, Changping; Hao, Xiaolong; Shi, Min; Fu, Rong; Wang, Yao; Zhang, Yi; Zhou, Wei; Feng, Yue; Makunga, Nokwanda P.; Kai, Guoyin (Elsevier, 2019)
    Tanshinones are the main bioactive diterpenes in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, are widely used for treating cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, the biosynthetic mechanisms of these compounds have not yet ...
  • Teratosphaeria stem canker of Eucalyptus : two pathogens, one devastating disease 

    Aylward, Janneke; Roets, Francois; Dreyer, Leanne L.; Wingfield, Michael J. (British Society for Plant Pathology, 2018)
    Background: Teratosphaeria gauchensis and T. zuluensis are closely related fungi that cause Teratosphaeria (previously Coniothyrium) stem canker disease on Eucalyptus species propagated in plantations for commercial ...
  • Assessing the conservation potential of fish and corals in aquariums globally 

    Da Silva, Rita; Pearce-Kelly, Paul; Zimmerman, Brian; Knott, Meredith; Foden, Wendy; Conde, Dalia A. (Elsevier, 2019)
    Aquatic ecosystems are indispensable for life on earth and yet despite their essential function and service roles, marine and freshwater biomes are facing unprecedented threats from both traditional and emerging anthropogenic ...
  • The role of ambient temperature and body mass on body temperature, standard metabolic rate and evaporative water loss in southern African anurans of different habitat specialisation 

    Mokhatla, Mohlamatsane; Measey, John; Smit, Ben (PeerJ, 2019)
    Temperature and water availability are two of the most important variables affecting all aspects of an anuran’s key physiological processes such as body temperature (Tb), evaporative water loss (EWL) and standard metabolic ...
  • Shared genomic outliers across two divergent population clusters of a highly threatened seagrass 

    Phair, Nikki Leanne; Toonen, Robert John; Knapp, Ingrid; Von Der Heyden, Sophie (PeerJ, 2019)
    The seagrass, Zostera capensis, occurs across a broad stretch of coastline and wide environmental gradients in estuaries and sheltered bays in southern and eastern Africa. Throughout its distribution, habitats are highly ...
  • The commonness of rarity : global and future distribution of rarity across land plants 

    Enquist, Brian J.; Feng, Xiao; Boyle, Brad; Maitner, Brian; Newman, Erica A.; Jorgensen, Peter Moller; Roehrdanz, Patrick R.; Thiers, Barbara M.; Burger, Joseph R.; Corlett, Richard T.; Couvreur, Thomas L. P.; Dauby, Gilles; Donoghue, John C.; Foden, Wendy; Lovett, Jon C.; Marquet, Pablo A.; Merow, Cory; Midgley, Guy; Morueta-Holme, Naia; Neves, Danilo M.; Oliveira-Filho, Ary T.; Kraft, Nathan J. B.; Park, Daniel S.; Peet, Robert K.; Pillet, Michiel; Serra-Diaz, Josep M.; Sandel, Brody; Schildhauer, Mark; Simova, Irena; Violle, Cyrille; Wieringa, Jan J.; Wiser, Susan K.; Hannah, Lee; Svenning, Jens-Christian; McGill, Brian J. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2019)
    A key feature of life’s diversity is that some species are common but many more are rare. Nonetheless, at global scales, we do not know what fraction of biodiversity consists of rare species. Here, we present the largest ...
  • A synthesis of three decades of socio-ecological change in False Bay, South Africa: setting the scene for multidisciplinary research and management 

    Pfaff, Maya C.; Logston, Renae C.; Raemaekers, Serge J. P. N.; Hermes, Juliet C.; Blamey, Laura K.; Cawthra, Hayley C.; Colenbrander, Darryl R.; Crawford, Robert J. M.; Day, Elizabeth; du Plessis, Nicole; Elwen, Simon H.; Fawcett, Sarah E.; Jury, Mark R.; Karenyi, Natasha; Kerwath, Sven E.; Kock, Alison A.; Krug, Marjolaine; Lamberth, Stephen J.; Omardien, Aaniyah; Pitcher, Grant C.; Rautenbach, Christo; Robinson, Tamara B.; Rouault, Mathieu; Ryan, Peter G.; Shillington, Frank A.; Sowman, Merle; Sparks, Conrad C.; Turpie, Jane K.; van Niekerk, Lara; Waldron, Howard N.; Yeld, Eleanor M.; Kirkman, Stephen P. (2019-08-08)
    Over the past three decades, marine resource management has shifted conceptually from top-down sectoral approaches towards the more systems-oriented multi-stakeholder frameworks of integrated coastal management and ...
  • Gut microbiome differences between wild and captive black rhinoceros – implications for rhino health 

    Gibson, Keylie M.; Nguyen, Bryan N.; Neumann, Laura M.; Miller, Michele; Buss, Peter; Daniels, Savel; Ahn, Michelle J.; Crandall, Keith A.; Pukazhenthi, Budhan (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2019)
    A number of recent studies have shown the importance of the mammalian gut microbiome in host health. In the context of endangered species, a few studies have examined the relationship between the gut microbiome in wild ...
  • Controlling invasive Argentine ants, Linepithema humile, in conservation areas using horizontal insecticide transfer 

    Buczkowski, Grzegorz; Wossler, Theresa C . (Nature Research (part of Springer Nature), 2019-12-20)
    Invasive ants are major agricultural and urban pests and a significant concern in conservation areas. Despite long history of control and eradication efforts, invasive ants continue to spread around the globe driven by a ...
  • Has strategic planning made a difference to amphibian conservation research in South Africa? 

    Measey, John; Tarrant, Jeanne; Rebelo, Alex; Turner, Andrew; du Preez, Louis; Mokhatla, Mohlamatsane; Conradie, Werner (South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), 2019-09-25)
    Background: Conservation relies on the strategic use of resources because monies for conservation action are limited, especially in developing countries. South Africa’s Frog Atlas project established a baseline for the ...
  • Distribution of invasive alien Tithonia (Asteraceae) species in eastern and southern Africa and the socioecological impacts of T. diversifolia in Zambia 

    Witt, Arne B.R.; Shackleton, Ross T.; Beale, Tim; Nunda, Winnie; Van Wilgen, Brian W. (South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), 2019-09-25)
    Background: Many alien plant species, such as Tithonia diversifolia, T. rotundifolia and T. tubaeformis, have been introduced to areas outside of their natural distribution range to provide benefits, but have subsequently ...
  • Road avoidance and its energetic consequences for reptiles 

    Paterson, James E.; Baxter‐Gilbert, James; Beaudry, Frederic; Carstairs, Sue; Chow‐Fraser, Patricia; Edge, Christopher B.; Lentini, Andrew M.; Litzgus, Jacqueline D.; Markle, Chantel E.; McKeown, Kassie; Moore, Jennifer A.; Refsnider, Jeanine M.; Riley, Julia L.; Rouse, Jeremy D.; Seburn, David C.; Zimmerling, J. Ryan; Davy, Christina M. (Wiley Open Access, 2019)
    Roads are one of the most widespread human-caused habitat modifications that can increase wildlife mortality rates and alter behavior. Roads can act as barriers with variable permeability to movement and can increase ...

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