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The prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in sheep in the Western Cape, South Africa

dc.contributor.authorHammond-Aryee, Kennethen_ZA
dc.contributor.authorVan Helden, Lesley S.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorVan Helden, Paul D.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-12T08:07:41Z
dc.date.available2016-08-12T08:07:41Z
dc.date.issued2015-11-03
dc.identifier.citationHammond-Aryee, K., Van Helden, L. S. & Van Helden, P. D. 2015. The prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in sheep in the Western Cape, South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 82(1), Art. #993, doi:10.4102/ojvr.v82i1.993.
dc.identifier.issn2219-0635 (online)
dc.identifier.issn0030-2465 (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.4102/ojvr.v82i1.993
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/99362
dc.descriptionCITATION: Hammond-Aryee, K., Van Helden, L. S. & Van Helden, P. D. 2015. The prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in sheep in the Western Cape, South Africa. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 82(1), Art. #993, doi:10.4102/ojvr.v82i1.993.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.ojvr.org
dc.description.abstractThe seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in a sample of 292 merino sheep farmed in a semi-intensive manner in the Overberg region of the Western Cape, South Africa, was investigated. Antibody seroprevalence was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Of the total sample, 23 sheep tested positive for T. gondii antibodies (8%; 95% CI: 4.7688– 10.9846). There was no statistically significant relationship between seroprevalence and age of the sheep. The highest seroprevalence was found in sheep between 28 and 40 months old; a total of 19 sheep were seropositive by 40 months. No seropositive sheep were found in the age group between 16 and 28 months. The seroprevalence reported in this study is higher than what has previously been reported for the Western Cape (6%) and across South Africa on average (4.7%). As sheep farming is economically significant in South Africa, the presence of T. gondii amongst sheep may pose a production threat to the small-stock industry as well as to public health and food security. We therefore recommend further surveillance to identify high-risk animal populations so that local control measures can be put in place.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.ojvr.org/index.php/ojvr/article/view/993
dc.format.extent5 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherAOSIS Publishing
dc.subjectToxoplasma gondii -- Serodiagnosisen_ZA
dc.subjectSheep -- Diseases -- South Africa -- Western Capeen_ZA
dc.subjectAntibodies against toxoplasma gondiien_ZA
dc.subjectEnzyme-linked immunosorbent assayen_ZA
dc.titleThe prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in sheep in the Western Cape, South Africaen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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