Knowledge levels and perceptions of teachers of HIV/AIDS and their role in HIV/AIDS prevention : a case of primary schools in Seke, Chitungwiza in Zimbabwe

Madzivanyika, Grace Chengeto (2013-03)

Thesis (MPhil)--Stellenbosch University, 2013.


ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The education sector, which is vital for the creation and enhancement of human capital, is negatively affected by HIV/AIDS and school teachers are finding themselves increasingly in the frontline of the epidemic. The question that the sought to address was: what is the teachers’ level of knowledge, perceptions of HIV/AIDS and their role in HIV/AIDS prevention in primary schools? The primary school level is a crucial access point for HIV/AIDS prevention programmes and teachers are expected to play a major role in the provision of information that promotes awareness resulting in behaviour change among pupils. The teachers’ knowledge and perception about HIV/AIDS will thus influence how they perform this role. The aim of the study was to identify the knowledge levels and perceptions of teachers of HIV/AIDS and their role in HIV/AIDS prevention in schools. A quantitative research design was employed. A self-administered structured questionnaire was administered to 40 teachers selected from five primary schools in Seke, Chitungwiza in Zimbabwe. The research findings revealed that majority of the teachers (75%) have knowledge of HIV/AIDS and 80% take part in HIV/AIDS prevention. However, there are some who still do not understand the basic concepts in the subject of HIV/AIDS. Teachers should be equipped with the HIV/AIDS knowledge. More workshops, seminars and group discussions should be organised with teachers having an equal opportunity of attendance. In-training services should be incorporated in order to cater for teachers who have not received training on sexuality and HIV/AIDS education.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die onderwys-sektor word negatief beïnvloed deur MIV/VIGS en onderwysers word al hoe meer betrek by die epidemie. Die vraag wat hier ondersoek is, is wat is die kennis en houdings van onderwysers rakende MIV/VIGS en wat is hul rol in die voorkoming daarvan in laerskole? Die laerskool-vlak is ‘n kritiese stadium in die voorkoming van MIV/VIGS en daar word van onderwysers verwag om ‘n kardinale rol te speel in die voorsiening van voorkomingsboodskappe wat tot gedragsverandering onder die leerlinge kan lei. ‘n Kwantitatiewe navorsingsbenadering is gebruik. Vraelyste is aan 40 geselekteerde onderwysers uit gedeel uit vyf laerskole in Seke, Chitungwiza in Zimbabwe. Die resultate van die navorsing toon dat die meerderheid van die onderwysers (75%) genoeg kennis het rondom MIV/VIGS en 80% is betrokke by MIV/VIGS voorkoming. Daar is egter sommige ondewysers wie steeds nie die basiese begrippe rondom MIV/VIGS verstaan nie. Onderwysers moet toegerus wees met MIV/VIGS kennis. Daar word aanbeveel dat hul meer werkswinkels, seminare en groepbesprekings bywoon en dat almal ‘n gelyke kans moet kry om dit by te woon.

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