The effect of unemployment on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS epidemic in relation to corporate social investing

Masanabo, Vusumuzi Joseph Godfrey (2010-12)

Thesis (MPhil (Industrial Psychology. Africa Centre for HIV/AIDS Management))--University of Stellenbosch, 2010.


ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This study explores how the prevalence of HIV/AIDS relates to unemployment that leads to poverty. Unemployment and poverty can be caused by factors such as level of education, technological changes, and fewer large industries committing to corporate social investing. The most important factor, however, is how corporate social investing helps to reduce unemployment in the community which might lead to a decrease in the spread HIV/AIDS, since the two factors are related. The study concentrated much on unemployment as a factor which influences HIV/AIDS prevalence. It is important to note that one cannot separate poverty from employment; you need to consider number of factors such as kinds of employment, causes of unemployment, measurement of unemployment, and the consequences of unemployment. Questionnaires were distributed to different sectors, that is, government departments, business, community and non-profit organizations (NPO·s). These questionnaires were aimed at assessing the relevant information concerning unemployment from government departments and to get information from the businesses pertaining to their attitudes towards corporate social investing. On the other hand, the response of the businesses to corporate social investing were assessed by collecting information from non-profit organizations (NPOs), so that one can established the significant effect of unemployment on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS due to the lack of corporate social investing.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Hierdie studie ondersoek hoe die voorkoms van MIV/Vigs en werkloosheid, wat tot armoede lei, op mekaar inwerk. Werkloosheid en armoede kan veroorsaak word deur faktore soos die vlak van opleiding, tegnologiese veranderinge en die vermindering van korporatiewe sosiale investering deur groot industrieë. Die belangrikste faktor is egter hoe korporatiewe sosiale investering bydra tot ’n laer werkloosheidsyfer in die gemeenskap wat mag lei tot die verlaging in die verspreiding van MIV/Vigs, aangesien werkloosheid en die voorkoms van MIV/Vigs aan mekaar verwant is. Hierdie studie fokus op werkloosheid as ’n faktor wat die voorkoms van MIV/Vigs beïnvloed. Dit is belangrik om daarop te let dat armoede en werkloosheid nie van mekaar geskei kan word nie. Daar is ’n paar faktore wat in ag geneem moet word, soos byvoorbeeld: tipes werk, oorsake van werkloosheid, die meting van werkloosheid en die gevolge van werkloosheid. Vraelyste is gesirkuleer aan verskillende sektore; regeringsdepartemente, besighede, gemeenskapsorganisasies en organisasies sonder winsbejag. Hierdie vraelyste is gerig op die assessering van relevante inligting aangaande werkloosheid vanaf regeringsdepartemente en om inligting in te win oor die houding van besighede teenoor korporatiewe sosiale investering. Aan die ander kant is die terugvoer van besighede teenoor korporatiewe sosiale investering geassesseer deur inligting van organisasies sonder winsbejag in te win. Hierdeur is dit moontlik om die beduidende effek van werkloosheid op die voorkoms van MIV/Vigs as gevolg van die gebrek aan korporatiewe sosiale investering vas te stel.

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