The adjective in isiZulu

Mngadi, Nomusa Esther (1999-12)

Thesis (MA) -- University of Stellenbosch, 1999.

Thesis

ENGLISH SUMMARY: This study deals with the syntax as well as the semantics of the adjective in isiZulu. The categories with the meaning of an adjective which may be used to modify a noun are identified. It is seen that the adjectival stems in isiZulu are very few. The need of the adjective is therefore also supplied by other categories such as the nominal relative, the copulative with na, the copulative with NP, the stative verb and the descriptive possessive. An overview is given in Chapter 2 of the views of earlier linguists such as Bhat, Dixon, Gross, Jones, Radford, Quirk, Doke, Du Plessis and Mabaso on the category: adjective. Dixon's prototypes are used in the classification of the semantic types of the above mentioned categories. The detailed account of the adjective, the nominal relative as well as the descriptive possessive is given. The semantic features and the distribution of these types in a phrase are looked at in depth. Nominal relatives have a descripting meaning like adjectives although they can be distinguished from adjectives in that they always have inflection and secondly a relative does not have a prescribed number of stems from which it can be formed but it can be formed by the use of stems from other categories such as Noun (N). Chapter 5 gives an exposition of the descriptive possessive. It is seen that noun phrases may appear as complements of nouns. The possessive [a] in descriptive possessive constructions has no possessive meaning, instead it has a descriptive meaning. This [a] can be treated in the same way as the English of.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die studie handel oor die sintaksis sowel as die semantiek van die adjektief in isiZulu. Die kategoriee met die betekenis van 'n adjektief wat gebruik kan word om 'n naamwoord te bepaal, is geldentifiseer. Daar is bevind dat die adjektiefstamme in isiZulu In beperkte hoeveelheid is. Die behoefte aan 'n adjektief word dus ook voorsien deur ander kategoriee soos die nominale relatief, die kopulatief met na, die kopulatief met 'n naamwoordgroep, die statiewe werkwoord en die deskriptiewe possessief. 'n Oorsig is in hoofstuk 2 gegee van die standpunte van Bhat, Dixon, Gross, Jones, Radford, Quirk, Doke, Du Plessis en Mabaso oor die kategorie adjektief. Dixon se prototipes is gebruik in die klassifikasie van die semantiese tipes van die kategoriee hierbo. Die adjektief, nominale relatief en die deskriptiewe possessief is vervolgens in detail behandel in afsonderlike hoofstukke. Die semantiese kenmerke en die distribusie van hierdie tipes in In frase is ondersoek. Nominale relatiewe het In deskriptiewe betekenis soos adjektiewe alhoewel hulle onderskei kan word van adjektiewe deurdat hulle altyd infleksie moet he en verder het die relatief nie 'n voorgeskrewe aantal stamme nie, maar dit vorm 'n oop klas waar stamme uit ander kategoriee soos die naamwoord steeds bygevoeg kan word. Hoofstuk 5 gee 'n oorsig oor die deskriptiewe possessief. Naamwoordgroepe kan verskyn as komplemente van naamwoorde. Die possessiewe [a] in deskriptiewe possessiefkonstruksies het nie 'n possessiewe betekenis nie, maar 'n deskriptiewe betekenis. Hierdie [a] kan op 'n soortgelyke wyse as die Engelse of behandel word.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/51445
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