Wireless physiological monitoring system for psychiatric patients
Thesis (MScEng (Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering))--Stellenbosch University, 2008.
This thesis is concerned with the development and testing of a non-invasive device that is unassailable, and can be placed on an aggressive psychiatric patient to monitor the vital signs of this patient. Two devices, a glove measuring oxygen saturation and another on the dorsal part (back) of the patient measuring heart rate via electrocardiography (ECG), skin temperature and respiratory rate were designed and implemented. The data is transmitted using wireless technology. Both devices connect to one central monitoring station using two separate Bluetooth connections ensuring a total wireless setup. All the hardware and software to measure these variables have been designed and implemented. A Matlab graphical user interface (GUI) was developed for signal processing and monitoring of the vital signs of the psychiatric patient. Detection algorithms were implemented to detect ECG arrhythmias such as premature ventricular contraction and atrial fibrillation. The prototype was manufactured and tested in a laboratory setting on five volunteers. Satisfactory test results were obtained and the primary objectives of the thesis were fulfilled