## Numerical indefinite integration using the sinc method

##### Date

2007-03

##### Authors

Akinola, Richard Olatokunbo

##### Journal Title

##### Journal ISSN

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##### Publisher

Stellenbosch : University of Stellenbosch

##### Abstract

In this thesis, we study the numerical approximation of indefinite integrals with
algebraic or logarithmic end-point singularities. We show the derivation of the
two quadrature formulas proposed by Haber based on the sinc method, as well
as, on the basis of error analysis, by means of variable transformations (Single and
Double Exponential), the derivation of two other formulas: Stenger’s Single Exponential
(SE) formula and Tanaka et al.’s Double Exponential (DE) sinc method.
Important tools for our work are residue calculus, functional analysis and Fourier
analysis from which we state some standard results, and give the proof of some of
them. Next, we introduce the Paley-Wiener class of functions, define the sinc function,
cardinal function, when a function decays single and double exponentially,
and prove some of their interesting properties. Since the four formulas involve a
conformal transformation, we show how to transform from the interval (−¥,¥)
to (−1, 1).
In addition, we show how to implement the four formulas on two computational
examples which are our test problems, and illustrate our numerical results
by means of tables and figures. Furthermore, from an application of the four
quadrature formulas on two test problems, a plot of the maximum absolute error
against the number of function evaluations, reveals a faster convergence to the
exact solution by Tanaka et al.’s DE sinc method than by the other three formulas.
Next, we convert the indefinite integrals (our test problems) into ordinary differential
equations (ODE) with suitable initial values, in the hope that ODE solvers
such as Matlabr ode45 or Mathematicar NDSolve will be able to solve the resulting
IVPs. But they all failed because of singularities in the initial value. In summary,
of the four quadrature formulas, Tanaka et al.’s DE sinc method gives more
accurate results than the others and it will be noted that all the formulas are applicable
to both singular and non-singular integrals.

##### Description

Thesis (MSc (Mathematics))--University of Stellenbosch, 2007.

##### Keywords

Dissertations -- Mathematics, Theses -- Mathematics, Numerical integration, Galerkin methods