Fatal hepatitis B infection despite immunization in an HIV-infected infant: A possible case of vaccine failure and immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome
We report a case of hepatitis B immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in an 8-month-old girl with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection. In resource-constrained countries, HIV-hepatitis B co-infections are often difficult to diagnose and to treat. We highlight on the importance of hepatitis B and HIV screening in pregnant women, to implement efficient preventive measures. © The Author . Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.