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Chromosome painting among Proboscidea, Hyracoidea and Sirenia : support for Paenungulata (Afrotheria, Mammalia) but not Tethytheria

dc.contributor.authorPardini, A. T.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorO Brien, P. C. M.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorFu, B.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorBonde, R. K.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorElder, F. F. B.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorFerguson-Smith, M. A.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorYang, F.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, T. J.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2011-05-15T16:00:24Z
dc.date.available2011-05-15T16:00:24Z
dc.date.issued2007-05
dc.identifier.citationPardini, A. T. et al. 2007. Chromosome painting among Proboscidea, Hyracoidea and Sirenia : support for Paenungulata (Afrotheria, Mammalia) but not Tethytheria. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 274(1615):1333-1340, doi:10.1098/rspb.2007.0088.en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn1471-2954 (online)
dc.identifier.issn0962-8452 (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.1098/rspb.2007.0088
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/11682
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/en_ZA
dc.description.abstractDespite marked improvements in the interpretation of systematic relationships within Eutheria, particular nodes, including Paenungulata (Hyracoidea, Sirenia and Proboscidea), remain ambiguous. The combination of a rapid radiation, a deep divergence and an extensive morphological diversification has resulted in a limited phylogenetic signal confounding resolution within this clade both at the morphological and nucleotide levels. Cross-species chromosome painting was used to delineate regions of homology between Loxodonta africana (2n = 56), Procavia capensis (2n=54), Trichechus manatus latirostris (2n = 48) and an outgroup taxon, the aardvark (Orycteropus afer, 2n = 20). Changes specific to each lineage were identified and although the presence of a minimum of 11 synapomorphies confirmed the monophyly of Paenungulata, no change characterizing intrapaenungulate relationships was evident. The reconstruction of an ancestral paenungulate karyotype and the estimation of rates of chromosomal evolution indicate a reduced rate of genomic repatterning following the paenungulate radiation. In comparison to data available for other mammalian taxa, the paenungulate rate of chromosomal evolution is slow to moderate. As a consequence, the absence of a chromosomal character uniting two paenungulates (at the level of resolution characterized in this study) may be due to a reduced rate of chromosomal change relative to the length of time separating successive divergence events. © 2007 The Royal Society.en_ZA
dc.format.extentp. 1333-1340 : ill.
dc.subjectPhylogeneticsen_ZA
dc.subjectChromosome paintingen_ZA
dc.subjectPaenungulata
dc.subjectProboscidea (mammal)
dc.subjectSirenia
dc.titleChromosome painting among Proboscidea, Hyracoidea and Sirenia : support for Paenungulata (Afrotheria, Mammalia) but not Tethytheriaen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublishers' Versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyrighten_ZA


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