Recent Submissions

  • Botanical gardens as key resources and hazards for biosecurity 

    Wondafrash, M.; Wingfield, M.J.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Hurley, B.P.; Slippers, B.; Paap, T. (2021)
    Biodiversity and economic losses resulting from invasive plant pests and pathogens are increasing globally. For these impacts and threats to be managed effectively, appropriate methods of surveillance, detection and ...
  • Propagule pressure helps overcome adverse environmental conditions during population establishment 

    Saccaggi, D.L.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Terblanche, J.S. (2021)
    The establishment success of a population is a function of abiotic and biotic factors and introduction dynamics. Understanding how these factors interact has direct consequences for understanding and managing biological ...
  • The status of alien bamboos in South Africa 

    Canavan, Susan; Richardson, David M.; Le Roux, Johannes J.; Kelchner, Scot A.; Wilson, John R. U. (South African Association of BotanistsElsevier, 2021)
    The growing interest in commercial cultivation of bamboos (Poaceae subfamily Bambusoideae) has led to the introduction of new alien species into South Africa. The rate at which bamboos are being planted in South Africa is ...
  • Biological Invasions in South Africa: an overview 

    van Wilgen, B.W.; Measey, J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.; Zengeya, T.A. (2020 2020)
    South Africa has much to offer as a location for the study of biological invasions. It is an ecologically diverse country comprised of nine distinct terrestrial biomes, four recognised marine ecoregions, and two sub-Antarctic ...
  • Potential Futures of Biological Invasions in South Africa 

    Wilson, J.R.; Measey, J.; Richardson, D.M.; van Wilgen, B.W.; Zengeya, T.A. (2020)
    Biological invasions are having a moderately negative impact on human livelihoods and the environment in South Africa, but the situation is worsening. Predicting future trends is fraught with many assumptions, so this ...
  • The extent and effectiveness of alien plant control projects in South Africa 

    van Wilgen, Brian W.; Wilson, John R.; Wannenburgh, Andrew; Foxcroft, Llewellyn C. (Springer, Cham, 2020)
    Studies of the impact of alien species on the environment are increasingly being carried out, and there has been ongoing debate about how to standardise the description of these impacts. This chapter evaluates the state ...
  • The biogeography of South African terrestrial plant invasions 

    Richardson, David M.; Foxcroft, Llewellyn C.; Latombe, Guillaume; Le Maitre, D.C.; Rouget, Mathieu; Wilson, John R. (Springer, Cham, 2020)
    Thousands of plant species have been introduced, intentionally and accidentally, to South Africa from many parts of the world. Alien plants are now conspicuous features of many South African landscapes and hundreds of ...
  • The role of environmental factors in promoting and limiting biological invasions in South Africa 

    Wilson, John R.; Foxcroft, Llewellyn C.; Geerts, Sjirk; Hoffmann, M. Timm; MacFadyen, Sandra; Measey, John; Mills, Anthony; Richardson, David M.; Robertson, Mark P.; van Wilgen, Brian W. (Springer, Cham., 2020)
    This chapter provides an overview of the researchers and research initiatives relevant to invasion science in South Africa over the past 130 years, profiling some of the more recent personalities, particularly those who ...
  • Analysing the Risks Posed by Biological Invasions to South Africa 

    Kumschick, S.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Wilson, J.R. (2020)
    Studies of the impact of alien species on the environment are increasingly being carried out, and there has been ongoing debate about how to standardise the description of these impacts. This chapter evaluates the state ...
  • Biotic Interactions as Mediators of Biological Invasions: Insights from South Africa 

    Le Roux, J.J.; Clusella-Trullas, S.; Mokotjomela, T.M.; Mairal, M.; Richardson, D.M.; Skein, L.; Wilson, J.R.; Weyl, O.L.F.; Geerts, S. (2020)
    This chapter provides an overview of the researchers and research initiatives relevant to invasion science in South Africa over the past 130 years, profiling some of the more recent personalities, particularly those who ...
  • South Africa as a donor of naturalised and invasive plants to other parts of the world 

    Pysek, Petr; Pergl, Jan; van Kleunen, Mark; Dawson, Wayne; Essl, Franz; Kreft, Holger; Weigelt, Patrick; Wilson, John R.; Winter, Marten; Richardson, David M. (SpringerOpen, 2020)
    This chapter provides the first assessment of South African native vascular plants as naturalised and invasive species in other parts of the world. For naturalised species, Global Naturalized Alien Flora (GloNAF) data were ...
  • MAcroecological Framework for Invasive Aliens (MAFIA): disentangling large-scale context dependence in biological invasions 

    Pyšek, P.; Bacher, S.; Kühn, I.; Novoa, A.; Catford, J.A.; Hulme, P.E.; Pergl, J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Blackburn, T.M. (2020)
    Macroecology is the study of patterns, and the processes that determine those patterns, in the distribution and abundance of organisms at large scales, whether they be spatial (from hundreds of kilometres to global), ...
  • Is invasion science moving towards agreed standards? The influence of selected frameworks 

    Wilson, J.R.U.; Datta, A.; Hirsch, H.; Keet, J.-H.; Mbobo, T.; Nkuna, K.V.; Nsikani, M.M.; Pyšek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Zengeya, T.A.; Kumschick, S. (2020)
    The need to understand and manage biological invasions has driven the development of frameworks to circumscribe, classify, and elucidate aspects of the phenomenon. But how influential have these frameworks really been? To ...
  • Identifying safe cultivars of invasive plants: six questions for risk assessment, management, and communication 

    Datta, A.; Kumschick, S.; Geerts, S.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2020)
    The regulation of biological invasions is often focussed at the species level. However, the risks posed by infra- and inter-specific entities can be significantly different from the risks posed by the corresponding species, ...
  • A framework to support alien species regulation: the Risk Analysis for Alien Taxa (RAAT) 

    Kumschick, S.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Foxcroft, L.C. (2020)
    Alien species are introduced to new regions in many different ways and for different purposes. A number of frameworks have been developed to group such pathways of introduction into discrete categories in order to improve ...
  • The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)’s Post-2020 target on invasive alien species – what should it include and how should it be monitored? 

    Essl, F.; Latombe, G.; Lenzner, B.; Pagad, S.; Seebens, H.; Smith, K.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Genovesi, P. (2020)
    The year 2020 and the next few years are critical for the development of the global biodiversity policy agenda until the mid-21st century, with countries agreeing to a Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework under the ...
  • Comparing the IUCN’s EICAT and Red List to improve assessments of the impact of biological invasions 

    van der Colff, D.; Kumschick, S.; Foden, W.; Wilson, J.R.U. (2020)
    The IUCN recommends the use of two distinct schemes to assess the impacts of biological invasions on biodiversity at the species level. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (Red List) categorises native species based ...
  • Classifying the introduction pathways of alien species: are we moving in the right direction? 

    Faulkner, K.T.; Hulme, P.E.; Pagad, S.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Robertson, M.P. (2020)
    Alien species are introduced to new regions in many different ways and for different purposes. A number of frameworks have been developed to group such pathways of introduction into discrete categories in order to improve ...
  • Global guidelines for the sustainable use of non-native trees to prevent tree invasions and mitigate their negative impacts 

    Brundu, G.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Pergl, J.; Bindewald, A.M.; Brunori, A.; Canavan, S.; Campagnaro, T.; Celesti-Grapow, L.; de Sá Dechoum, M.; Dufour-Dror, J.-M.; Essl, F.; Flory, S.L.; Genovesi, P.; Guarino, F.; Guangzhe, L.; Hulme, P.E.; Jäger, H.; Kettle, C.J.; Krumm, F.; Langdon, B.; Lapin, K.; Lozano, V.; Le Roux, J.J.; Novoa, A.; Nuñez, M.A.; Porté, A.J.; Silva, J.S.; Schaffner, U.; Sitzia, T.; Tanner, R.; Tshidada, N.; Vítková, M.; Westergren, M.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
    Sustainably managed non-native trees deliver economic and societal benefits with limited risk of spread to adjoining areas. However, some plantations have launched invasions that cause substantial damage to biodiversity ...
  • Coordinating invasive alien species management in a biodiversity hotspot: The CAPE Invasive Alien Animals Working Group 

    Davies, S.J.; Bell, J.A.; Impson, D.; Mabin, C.; Meyer, M.; Rhoda, C.; Stafford, L.; Stephens, K.; Tafeni, M.; Turner, A.A.; van Wilgen, N.J.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Wood, J.; Measey, J. (2020)
    Background: The effectiveness of invasive alien species management in South Africa, and elsewhere, can be mproved by ensuring there are strong links and feedbacks between science and management. The CAPE Invasive Alien ...

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