Recent Submissions

  • Four priority areas to advance invasion science in the face of rapid environmental change 

    Ricciardi, A.; Iacarella, J.C.; Aldridge, D.C.; Blackburn, T.M.; Carlton, J.T.; Catford, J.A.; Dick, J.T.A.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Liebhold, A.M.; Lockwood, J.L.; MacIsaac, H.J.; Meyerson, L.A.; Pyšek, P.; Richardson, D.M.; Ruiz, G.M.; Simberloff, D.; Vilà, M.; Wardle, D.A. (2021)
    Unprecedented rates of introduction and spread of non-native species pose burgeoning challenges to biodiversity, natural resource management, regional economies, and human health. Current biosecurity efforts are failing ...
  • Genetic analyses reveal complex introduction histories for the invasive tree Acacia dealbata Link around the world 

    Hirsch, H.; Richardson, D.M.; Pauchard, A.; Le Roux, J.J. (2021)
    Aim To compare genetic diversity and structure between Acacia dealbata populations sampled across the species' native range in Australia and from its non-native ranges in Chile, Madagascar, New Zealand, Portugal, La Reunion ...
  • Biological Invasions in South Africa's Urban Ecosystems: Patterns, Processes, Impacts and Management 

    Potgieter, L.J.; Douwes, E.; Gaertner, M.; Measey, J.; Paap, T.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
    This chapter provides an overview of the researchers and research initiatives relevant to invasion science in South Africa over the past 130 years, profiling some of the more recent personalities, particularly those who ...
  • Biological Invasions and Ecological Restoration in South Africa 

    Holmes, P.M.; Esler, K.J.; Gaertner, M.; Geerts, S.; Hall, S.A.; Nsikani, M.M.; Richardson, D.M.; Ruwanza, S. (2020)
    This chapter provides an overview of the researchers and research initiatives relevant to invasion science in South Africa over the past 130 years, profiling some of the more recent personalities, particularly those who ...
  • Drivers of future alien species impacts: an expert-based assessment 

    Essl, F.; Lenzner, B.; Bacher, S.; Bailey, S.; Capinha, C.; Daehler, C.; Dullinger, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hui, C.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kühn, I.; Leung, B.; Liebhold, A.; Liu, C.; MacIsaac, H.J.; Meyerson, L.A.; Nuñez, M.A.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Roy, H.E.; Ruiz, G.M.; Russell, J.C.; Sanders, N.J.; Sax, D.F.; Scalera, R.; Seebens, H.; Springborn, M.; Turbelin, A.; van Kleunen, M.; von Holle, B.; Winter, M.; Zenni, R.D.; Mattsson, B.J.; Roura-Pascual, N. (2020)
    Understanding the likely future impacts of biological invasions is crucial yet highly challenging given the multiple relevant environmental, socio-economic and societal contexts and drivers. In the absence of quantitative ...
  • Invasion costs, impacts, and human agency: response to Sagoff 2020 

    Cuthbert, R.N.; Bacher, S.; Blackburn, T.M.; Briski, E.; Diagne, C.; Dick, J.T.A.; Essl, F.; Genovesi, P.; Haubrock, P.J.; Latombe, G.; Lenzner, B.; Meinard, Y.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Ricciardi, A.; Richardson, D.M.; Russell, J.C.; Simberloff, D.; Courchamp, F. (2020)
    Article impact statement: In an era of profound biodiversity crisis, invasion costs, invader impacts, and human agency should not be dismissed.
  • Frameworks used in invasion science: progress and prospects 

    Wilson, J.R.U.; Bacher, S.; Daehler, C.C.; Groom, Q.J.; Kumschick, S.; Lockwood, J.L.; Robinson, T.B.; Zengeya, T.A.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
    Our understanding and management of biological invasions relies on our ability to classify and conceptualise the phenomenon. This need has stimulated the development of a plethora of frameworks, ranging in nature from ...
  • The invasive grass genus Nassella in South Africa: a synthesis 

    Mapaura, A.; Canavan, K.; Richardson, D.M.; Clark, V.R.; Steenhuisen, S.-L. (2020)
    Three species of Nassella have naturalized in South Africa. Nassella trichotoma and N. tenuissima are declared weeds under category 1b of the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (NEM:BA) and occur mainly ...
  • Biogeographical comparison of terrestrial invertebrates and trophic feeding guilds in the native and invasive ranges of Carpobrotus edulis 

    Rodríguez, J.; Novoa, A.; Cordero-Rivera, A.; Richardson, D.M.; González, L. (2020)
    Plant invasions impact on biodiversity by altering the composition of native communities by disrupting taxonomic and functional diversity. Non-native plants are often released from their natural enemies, which might result ...
  • Assessing biological invasions in protected areas after 30 years: revisiting nature reserves targeted by the 1980s SCOPE programme 

    Shackleton, R.T.; Foxcroft, L.C.; Pyšek, P.; Wood, L.E.; Richardson, D.M. (2020)
    Invasive alien species pose a major threat to biodiversity and natural ecosystems globally and negatively affect conservation efforts in protected areas. They can negatively alter biodiversity and ecological regimes and ...
  • Does vegetation structure influence criminal activity? Insights from Cape Town, South Africa 

    Potgieter, L.J.; Gaertner, M.; O'Farrell, P.; Richardson, D.M. (2019)
    Dense vegetation, especially thickets of trees or shrubs, has been associated with actual and perceived crime risk in several parts of the world. In some contexts, invasive alien trees and shrubs can create a habitat ...
  • A fine-scale assessment of the ecosystem service-disservice dichotomy in the context of urban ecosystems affected by alien plant invasions 

    Potgieter, L.J.; Gaertner, M.; O'Farrell, P.J.; Richardson, D.M. (2019)
    Background Natural resources within and around urban landscapes are under increasing pressure from ongoing urbanisation, and management efforts aimed at ensuring the sustainable provision of ecosystem services (ES) are ...
  • Supporting Spartina: Interdisciplinary perspective shows Spartina as a distinct solid genus 

    Bortolus, A.; Adam, P.; Adams, J.B.; Ainouche, M.L.; Ayres, D.; Bertness, M.D.; Bouma, T.J.; Bruno, J.F.; Cacador, I.; Carlton, J.T.; Castillo, J.M.; Costa, C.S.B.; Davy, A.J.; Deegan, L.; Duarte, B.; Figueroa, E.; Gerwein, J.; Gray, A.J.; Grosholz, E.D.; Hacker, S.D.; Hughes, A.R.; Mateos-Naranjo, E.; Mendelssohn, I.A.; Morris, J.T.; Munoz-Rodriguez, A.F.; Nieva, F.J.J.; Levin, L.A.; Li, B.; Liu, W.W.; Pennings, S.C.; Pickart, A.; Redondo-Gomez, S.; Richardson, D.M.; Salmon, A.; Schwindt, E.; Silliman, B.R.; Sotka, E.E.; Stace, C.; Sytsma, M.; Temmerman, S.; Turner, R.E.; Valiela, I.; Weinstein, M.P.; Weis, J.S. (2019)
    In 2014, a DNA-based phylogenetic study confirming the paraphyly of the grass subtribe Sporobolinae proposed the creation of a large monophyletic genus Sporobolus, including (among others) species previously included in ...
  • A conceptual framework for range-expanding species that track human-induced environmental change 

    Essl, F.; Dullinger, S.; Genovesi, P.; Hulme, P.E.; Jeschke, J.M.; Katsanevakis, S.; Kühn, I.; Lenzner, B.; Pauchard, A.; Pyšek, P.; Rabitsch, W.; Richardson, D.M.; Seebens, H.; van Kleunen, M.; van der Putten, W.H.; Vilà, M.; Bacher, S. (2019)
    For many species, human-induced environmental changes are important indirect drivers of range expansion into new regions. We argue that it is important to distinguish the range dynamics of such species from those that occur ...
  • Botryosphaeriaceae associated with Acacia heterophylla (La Réunion) and Acacia koa (Hawaii) 

    Jami, F.; Marincowitz, S.; Slippers, B.; Crous, P.W.; Le Roux, J.J.; Richardson, D.M.; Wingfield, M.J. (2019)
    Acacia koa and A. heterophylla are commonly occurring native trees on the Hawaiian Islands and La Réunion, respectively. A recent phylogenetic study suggested that A. heterophylla renders A. koa paraphyletic, and that the ...
  • The world needs BRICS countries to build capacity in invasion science 

    Measey, John; Visser, Vernon; Dgebuadze, Yury; Inderjit; Li, Bo; Dechoum, Michele; Ziller, Silvia R.; Richardson, David M. (PLOS, 2019)
    Developed countries are producing policies to reduce the flow of invasive species and control or eradicate existing invasions, but most developing countries are under-resourced to tackle either aspect without help. Emerging ...
  • Global effects of non-native tree species on multiple ecosystem services 

    Castro-Diez, P.; Vaz, A.S.; Silva, J.S.; Loo, M.; Alonso, A.; Aponte, C.; Bayon, A.; Bellingham, P.J.; Chiuffo, M.C.; DiManno, N.; Julian, K.; Kandert, S.; La Porta, N.; Marchante, H.; Maule, H.G.; Mayfield, M.M.; Metcalfe, D.; Monteverdi, M.C.; Nunez, M.A.; Ostertag, R.; Parker, I.M.; Peltzer, D.A.; Potgieter, L.J.; Raymundo, M.; Rayome, D.; Reisman-Berman, O.; Richardson, D.M.; Roos, R.E.; Saldana, A.; Shackleton, R.T.; Torres, A.; Trudgen, M.; Urban, J.; Vicente, J.R.; Vila, M.; Ylioja, T.; Zenni, R.D.; Godoy, O. (2019)
    Non-native tree (NNT) species have been transported worldwide to create or enhance services that are fundamental for human well‐being, such as timber provision, erosion control or ornamental value; yet NNTs can also produce ...
  • A four-component classification of uncertainties in biological invasions: implications for management 

    Latombe, G.; Canavan, S.; Hirsch, H.; Hui, C.; Kumschick, S.; Nsikani, M.N.; Potgieter, L.J.; Robinson, T.B.; Saul, W.-C.; Turner, S.C.; Wilson, J.R.U.; Yannelli, F.A.; Richardson, D.M. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2019)
    Although uncertainty is an integral part of any science, it raises doubts in public perception about scientific evidence, is exploited by denialists, and therefore potentially hinders the implementation of management ...
  • Global predictors of alien plant establishment success: combining niche and trait proxies 

    Gallien, L.; Thornhill, A.H.; Zurell, D.; Miller, J.T.; Richardson, D.M. (The Royal Society Publishing, 2019)
    Biological invasions are on the rise globally. To reduce future invasions, it is imperative to determine the naturalization potential of species. Until now, screening approaches have relied largely on species-specific ...
  • Ghosts from the past: even comprehensive sampling of the native range may not be enough to unravel the introduction history of invasive species – the case of Acacia dealbata invasions in South Africa 

    Hirsch, H.; Castillo, M.L.; Impson, F.A.C.; Kleinjan, C.; Richardson, D.M.; Le Roux, J.J. (Botanical Society of America, 2019)
    PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Knowledge about the introduction history (source(s), number and size of introduction events) of an invasive species is a crucial prerequisite to understand invasion success and to facilitate effective ...

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