Conscientiousness, work-family-study conflict and general work stress amongst employed non-residential South African Military Academy students

Mashatola, Ngoako Japhta (2020-03)

Thesis (MCom)--Stellenbosch University, 2020.


ENGLISH SUMMARY : Balancing the demands of work and family respectively has generated much research interest. A third area of demands, namely studies, is also worthy of examination. In a fast-changing work environment the importance of continued studies and further education and training for individuals’ career advancement has become increasingly salient. The present study posits that balancing demands from three areas, namely work, family and studies adds complexity to the understanding of work stress. Furthermore, an understanding of how personality trait of conscientiousness may moderate the relations of work-family-study conflict (WFSC) with General work stress may be important especially for selecting persons for situations where there might be additive effects of work, family and study demands.The present study aimed to explore how performance of multiple roles resulted in WFSC and General Work Stress amongst non-residential military university students by; (a) investigating the relationship between Conscientiousness, WFSC and General Work Stress, (b) examining the combined effect of Conscientiousness and WFSC on General Work Stress, (c) examining the moderating role of Conscientiousness on the relations of WFSC with General Work Stress, and (d) examining whether work-study conflict and family-study conflict contributes to the explanation of General Work Stress above and beyond work-family conflict. The theoretical models consisted of role theory, job demands-resource model, General work stress, and big five model. The study was undertaken at the South African Military Academy, Faculty of Military Science in Saldanha based on a sample size of 113 (n=113) out of 137 (N=137) fulltime employed non-residential South African Military military university students. These students are Department of Defense full-time employees selected to enrol for undergraduate and postgraduate studies as non-residential Telematic Education students. The study was conducted through cross-sectional survey research where an invitation to voluntarily participate in the study was sent to all prospective respondents through emails. Data was collected using the Work-family-study interface Scale , General Work Stress Scale and the Big Five Inventory. The results of this study revealed that WFSC and Conscientiousness have a statistically significant combined effect on General Work Stress, however, Conscientiousness alone was found to have a non-significant moderating effect on WFSC and General Work Stress. Moreover, work-study conflict and family-study conflict were found to contribute significantly to the explanation of General Work Stress above and beyond the explanation provided by work-family conflict. This study findings point that study(ies) is a an important variable to take into account when trying to understanding General Work Study.

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