Modelling the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic : a review of the substance and role of models in South Africa
CITATION: Geffen, N. & Welte, A. Modelling the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic : a review of the substance and role of models in South Africa. Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine, 19(1):a756, doi:10.4102/sajhivmed.v19i1.756.
The original publication is available at https://sajhivmed.org.za
We review key mathematical models of the South African human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic from the early 1990s onwards. In our descriptions, we sometimes differentiate between the concepts of a model world and its mathematical or computational implementation. The model world is the conceptual realm in which we explicitly declare the rules – usually some simplification of ‘real world’ processes as we understand them. Computing details of informative scenarios in these model worlds is a task requiring specialist knowledge, but all other aspects of the modelling process, from describing the model world to identifying the scenarios and interpreting model outputs, should be understandable to anyone with an interest in the epidemic.