An explanatory study of work engagement among special needs teachers : the moderating role of job crafting
Thesis (MCom)--Stellenbosch University, 2019.
ENGLISH SUMMARY : The labour market opportunities are increasingly becoming dependent on the knowledge and skills required by the job. In Namibia, persons with disabilities continue to face labour market disadvantages as a result of the low levels of qualifications that are needed to secure a job in the labour market. Persons with disabilities need to attend school, at its basic level, before advancing to tertiary institutions where qualifications can be obtained. Thus, special needs teachers play a key role in enhancing the learning process of persons with disabilities, hence the importance and engagement of the special needs teacher as a key focus of the study. The objective of this research study was therefore, to pin point the work factors that are most salient in accounting for variance in the work engagement of special needs teachers in Windhoek, Namibia. A secondary objective of this research study was to test the effects of job crafting on the relationship between the identified work factors and work engagement. Nine hypothesis were formulated based on literature discussions. An ex post facto correlation design was used as a research design. Data was collected using a self-administered hardcopy questionnaire from 89 special needs teachers in Windhoek, Namibia. It was uncovered that three of the eight hypotheses were found to be statistically significant. The results of the study uncovered that co-worker support significantly and positively impacts work engagement. The results also uncovered that job crafting has a significant moderating effect on the relationships between co-worker support and work engagement, as well as work autonomy and work engagement. These findings allow for interventions to be tailored at individual and organisational level to be developed to enhance work engagement. The study provides insight for stakeholders in the special education fraternity on ways in which work engagement of special needs teachers can be enhanced.
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