Development of a model for predicting cycle time in hot stamping

Muvunzi, R. ; Dimitrov, D. M. ; Matope, S. ; Harms, T. M. (2018)

CITATION: Muvunzi, R., et al. 2018. Development of a model for predicting cycle time in hot stamping. Procedia Manufacturing, 21:84-91, doi:10.1016/j.promfg.2018.02.098

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In manufacturing, reducing the cycle time results in lower production costs. The cycle time in a hot stamping process affects the quality characteristics (tensile strength) of formed parts. A faster cooling rate (˃27 K/s) of the blank guarantees the production of a part with the required microstructural properties (martensite). This compels researchers to continuously develop ways of increasing the manufacturing speed. On the other hand, it is important to predict the minimum cycle time for a given set of parameters which does not compromise the quality of formed parts. In this paper, a model for predicting the cycle time for a hot stamping process is presented. The lumped heat capacitance method is used in formulating the model since the temperature gradient across the blank and heat transfer within the plane of the blank are considered negligible. To validate the equation, a finite element simulation was conducted using Pam-Stamp software. The results show that the proposed model can be useful in further studies targeted towards cycle time reduction in hot sheet metal forming processes.

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