God the Saviour in Greco-Roman popular philosophy
CITATION: Thom, J. C. 2019. God the Saviour in Greco-Roman popular philosophy. In: Du Toit, D. S., Gerber, C. & Zimmermann, C. (eds.) Soteria : salvation in early Christianity and antiquity. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, pp. 86.
God is often referred to as Saviour (σωτήρ) in Greco-Roman popular philosophy. His function as saviour is described as both cosmological and ethical: On the cosmological level, God is responsible for the preservation of the world and for saving it from the conflicting natural forces that threaten to tear it apart. On the ethical level, God saves humans from the suffering caused by their folly by helping them to gain the insight to live well-ordered and rational lives. In my essay, I will trace these motifs in various popular-philosophical texts and show how God’s soteriological role is reflected within popular philosophy.