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Sanctioning of illegal and dangerous ruck cleanouts during the 2018 super rugby competition

dc.contributor.authorKraak, Wilbur Julio
dc.contributor.authorBam, Jenna
dc.contributor.authorKruger, Stephanie
dc.contributor.authorHenderson, Stephanie
dc.contributor.authorJosias, Ugan
dc.contributor.authorStokes, Keith
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-23T12:59:13Z
dc.date.available2019-04-23T12:59:13Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationKraak, W., et al. 2019. Sanctioning of illegal and dangerous ruck cleanouts during the 2018 super rugby competition. Frontiers in Psychology, 10:803, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00803
dc.identifier.issn1664-1078 (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00803
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/106253
dc.descriptionCITATION: Kraak, W., et al. 2019. Sanctioning of illegal and dangerous ruck cleanouts during the 2018 super rugby competition. Frontiers in Psychology, 10:803, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00803.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://www.frontiersin.org
dc.descriptionPublication of this article was funded by the Stellenbosch University Open Access Fund.
dc.description.abstractRugby is a high contact sport that results in many injuries. The majority of injuries at senior elite levels result from contact phases during match-play. It is estimated that 10% of all match injuries are associated with the ruck in professional and community rugby. Surveillance of legal and illegal ruck cleanouts and the sanctions imposed by the on-field referees will help identify whether referees are actually enforcing the law according to the laws of the game, which will consequently contribute to the creation and implementation of further injury prevention strategies. Players should play the game in accordance with the laws of the game and be mindful of their own safety and that of others. Coaches and trainers of the game have the responsibility to ensure that players are prepared in a manner that comply with the World Rugby (WR) laws of the game and safe practices. Laws and law amendments are fundamental to the development of sport and introduced for a variety of reasons. The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of sanctioning of illegal and dangerous ruck cleanouts during the 2018 Super Rugby competition by using Nacsport Basic+ video software; 120 round robin matches from the 2018 Super Rugby competition were coded and analyzed. The analysis of the intra reliability showed an almost perfect (>0.95) agreement between all the performance indicators. In total, 22,281 ruck cleanouts were coded of which 9% (n = 2111) were illegal ruck cleanouts and 93% were not sanctioned by the referees; 57% (1087 out of 1953) of the illegal ruck cleanouts not sanctioned by the referees were deemed dangerous. The majority of dangerous illegal ruck cleanouts not sanctioned by the referees were “shoulder charge” (88%, n = 280), “neck roll” (86%, n = 100), and “contact above the shoulder” (81%, n = 201). To aid injury prevention efforts in rugby, future research studies should investigate why on-field referees are not sanctioning all illegal and dangerous ruck cleanouts according to WR Laws of the Game.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00803/full
dc.format.extent8 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherFrontiers Media
dc.subjectRugbyen_ZA
dc.subjectRugby football -- Rulesen_ZA
dc.subjectRugby football injuriesen_ZA
dc.titleSanctioning of illegal and dangerous ruck cleanouts during the 2018 super rugby competitionen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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