An evaluation of BEE implementation in small, medium and micro enterprises (SMMES) of the tourism sector : Soweto in South Africa

Zulu, Vincent Nkosinathi (2018-12)

Thesis (MPA)--Stellenbosch University, 2018.

Thesis

ENGLISH SUMMARY : The implementation of Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) in the tourism sector is an opportunity to transform the local economies due to the political heritage prevailing in South African townships, particularly Soweto. Soweto was home for the well-known Nobel Prize winners i.e. the late Nelson Rholihlahla Mandela and Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu during the struggle against apartheid. These icons together with Hector Pieterson who was shot during the Soweto uprising in 1976, have made Soweto one of the most popular tourist attraction places. It is for that reason that the implementation of, which is meant to address and redress the imbalances of the past, is an opportunity to transform the local economies. Data analysis of plans and reports from Government, other authors and proponents of BEE implementation was key to determine whether local economic transformation exists in the Soweto tourism sector. The scrutiny of tourism legislation were a point of departure, to make reference to BEE implementation evaluation. The case of Vilakazi Street BEE evaluation validated the findings from data analysis that not much was done in Orlando West, as compared to what had been planned. This implied that the objectives to transform the tourism industries through BEE implementation were not effectively met in Orlando West. To transform the tourism industries in Orlando West, 5 BEE recommendations were made, namely the establishment of the SMME support office; road shows to mediate BEE; revival of a Soweto Empowerment Zone, Monitoring and Evaluation of programmes implemented; and tourism sector empowerment and collaboration.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING : Die implementering van Swart Ekonomiese Bemagtiging (SEB) in die toerismesektor is 'n geleentheid om die plaaslike ekonomieë te transformeer weens die politieke erfenis wat in Suid-Afrikaanse plakkerskampe voorkom, veral Soweto. Soweto is 'n tuiste vir die bekende Nobelpryswenners i.e. die laat Rholihlahla Nelson Mandela en Biskop Desmond Emmeritus Tutu tydens die stryd teen apartheid. Hierdie ikone, saam met Hector Pieterson, wat in 1976 tydens die Soweto-opstand geskiet is, het Soweto een van die gewildste toeriste-aantreklikhede gemaak. Dit is om die rede dat die implementering van SEB bedoel is om die wanbalanse van die verlede aan te spreek en reg te stel, is 'n geleentheid om die plaaslike ekonomieë te transformeer. Data-ontleding van planne en verslae van die Regering, ander outeurs en voorstanders van SEB-implementering is die sleutel om te bepaal of plaaslike ekonomiese transformasie in Soweto bestaan. Die ondersoek van die toerisme wetgewing is 'n uitgangspunt om verwysing te gee na die SEB-implementeringsargument. Om 'n saak van Vilakazi Street te doen, bevestig die bevindinge van data-ontleding dat daar nie veel in Orlando-Wes gedoen is in vergelyking met wat beplan is nie. Dit impliseer dat die doelwitte om die toerismebedryf deur middel van SEB-implementering te transformeer, nie in Orlando-Wes haalbaar is nie. Om die toerismebedrywe in Orlando-Wes te transformeer, is vyf aanbevelings gemaak, naamlik die vestiging van die KMMO (Klein, Medium en Mikro-ondernemings) ondersteunings kantoor; padvertonings om SEB te bemiddel; herlewing van Soweto-bemagtigingsone, Monitering en Evaluering van programme geïmplementeer en bemagtiging en samewerking van die plaaslike gemeenskap van Soweto.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/104969
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