Vector and reservoir control for preventing leishmaniasis

Esterhuizen, Tonya ; Gonzalez, Urba ; Pinart, Mariona ; Sinclair, David ; Firooz, Alireza ; Enk, Claes ; Velez, Ivan D. ; Tristan, Mario ; Alvar, Jorge (2015-08-05)

CITATION: Gonzalez, U. et al. 2015. Vector and reservoir control for preventing leishmaniasis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 8: Art. No.: CD008736, doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008736.pub2.

The original publication is available at


Background: Leishmaniasis is caused by the Leishmania parasite, and transmitted by infected phlebotomine sandflies. Of the two distinct clinical syndromes, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) affects the skin and mucous membranes, and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) affects internal organs. Approaches to prevent transmission include vector control by reducing human contact with infected sandflies, and reservoir control, by reducing the number of infected animals. Objectives: To assess the effects of vector and reservoir control interventions for cutaneous and for visceral leishmaniasis.

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