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Bone mineral density in people living with HIV : a narrative review of the literature

dc.contributor.authorKruger, M. J.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorNell, T. A.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2017-07-31T05:55:31Z
dc.date.available2017-07-31T05:55:31Z
dc.date.issued2017-07-26
dc.identifier.citationKruger, M. J. & Nell, T. A. 2017. Bone mineral density in people living with HIV : a narrative review of the literature. AIDS Research and Therapy. 14:35, doi:10.1186/s12981-017-0162-y.
dc.identifier.issn1742-6405 (online)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.1186/s12981-017-0162-y
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/102029
dc.descriptionCITATION: Kruger, M. J. & Nell, T. A. 2017. Bone mineral density in people living with HIV : a narrative review of the literature. AIDS Research and Therapy. 14:35, doi:10.1186/s12981-017-0162-y.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at https://aidsrestherapy.biomedcentral.com
dc.description.abstractBone health status is largely absent in South Africa, the main reasons being the absence and cost-effectiveness of specific screening equipment for assessing bone mineral density (BMD). Various risk factors seem to play a role, some of which can be modified to change bone health status. Urbanisation is also a public health concern. Changing nutritional, as well as social behaviour, play integral roles in the prevalence and incidence of decreased BMD. Furthermore, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) specifically, has a negative impact on BMD and although highly active antiretroviral therapy increases the prognosis for HIV-infected individuals, BMD still seem to decrease further. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry is considered the gold standard for BMD assessment; however, recent developments have provided more cost-effective screening methods, among which heel quantitative ultrasound appears to be the most widely used in resource limited countries such as South Africa.
dc.description.urihttps://aidsrestherapy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12981-017-0162-y
dc.format.extent17 pages
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherBioMed Central
dc.subjectHIV infectionsen_ZA
dc.subjectBone densitometryen_ZA
dc.subjectBonesen_ZA
dc.titleBone mineral density in people living with HIV : a narrative review of the literatureen_ZA
dc.typeArticle
dc.date.updated2017-07-30T03:17:40Z
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderAuthors retain copyright


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