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Influence of winemaking practices on the characteristics of winery wastewater and water usage of wineries

dc.contributor.authorConradie, A.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorSigge, G. O.en_ZA
dc.contributor.authorCloete, T. E.en_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-30T06:52:07Z
dc.date.available2017-03-30T06:52:07Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.citationConradie, A., Sigge, G. O. & Cloete, T. E. 2014. Influence of winemaking practices on the characteristics of winery wastewater and water usage of wineries. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 35(1):10-19, doi:10.21548/35-1-981.
dc.identifier.issn2224-7904 (online)
dc.identifier.issn0253-939X (print)
dc.identifier.otherdoi:10.21548/35-1-981
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/101476
dc.descriptionCITATION: Conradie, A., Sigge, G. O. & Cloete, T. E. 2014. Influence of winemaking practices on the characteristics of winery wastewater and water usage of wineries. South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture, 35(1):10-19, doi:10.21548/35-1-981.
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajev
dc.description.abstractThe winemaking industry produces large volumes of wastewater that pose an environmental threat if not treated correctly. The increasing numbers of wineries and the demand for wine around the world are adding to the growing problem. The vinification process includes all steps of the winemaking process, from the receipt of grapes to the final packaged product in the bottle. To fully understand all the aspects of winery wastewater it is important to know the winemaking processes before considering possible treatments. Winemaking is seen as an art and all wineries are individual, hence treatment solutions should be different. Furthermore, wastewater also differs from one winery to another regarding its volume and composition and therefore is it vital for a detailed characterisation of the wastewater to fully understand the problem before managing it. However, prevention is better than cure. There are a number of winemaking practices that can help lower the volume of the wastewater produced to decrease the work load of the treatment system and increase the efficiency of treatment.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajev/article/view/981
dc.format.extent10 pages
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherSouth African Society for Enology and Viticulture
dc.subjectWinery wastewater -- Chemical characteristicsen_ZA
dc.subjectWinemaking practicesen_ZA
dc.subjectWine and wine makingen_ZA
dc.subjectWineries -- Water usagesen_ZA
dc.titleInfluence of winemaking practices on the characteristics of winery wastewater and water usage of wineriesen_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's version
dc.rights.holderSouth African Society for Enology and Viticulture


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