- Browse by Author

### Browsing by Author "Zhang, S. Q."

Now showing 1 - 7 of 7

###### Results Per Page

###### Sort Options

- ItemChiral geometry and rotational structure for ¹³⁰Cs in the projected shell model(Elsevier, 2018) Chen, F. Q.; Meng, Jie; Zhang, S. Q.
Show more The projected shell model with configuration mixing for nuclear chirality is developed and applied to the observed rotational bands in the chiral nucleus 130Cs. For the chiral bands, the energy spectra and electromagnetic transition probabilities are well reproduced. The chiral geometry illustrated in the Kplotand the azimuthalplotis confirmed to be robust against the configuration mixing. The other rotational bands are also described in the same framework.Show more - ItemEvolution from quasivibrational to quasirotational structure in 155Tm and yrast 27/2− to 25/2− energy anomaly in the A ≈ 150 mass region(American Physical Society, 2019) Liu, L.; Wang, S. Y.; Wang, S.; Hua, H.; Zhang, S. Q.; Meng, Jie; Bark, R. A.; Wyngaardt, S. M.; Qi, B.; Sun, D. P.; Liu, C.; Li, Z. Q.; Jia, H.; Li, X. Q.; Xu, C.; Li, Z. H.; Sun, J. J.; Zhu, L. H.; Jones, P.; Lawrie, E. A.; Lawrie, J. J.; Wiedeking, M.; Bucher, T. D.; Dinoko, T.; Makhathini, L.; Majola, S. N. T.; Noncolela, S. P.; Shirinda, O.; Gal, J.; Kalinka, G.; Molnar, J.; Nyako, B. M.; Timar, J.; Juhasz, K.; Arogunjo, M.
Show more Excited states in 155Tm have been populated via the reaction 144Sm(16O, p4n)155Tm at a beam energy of 118 MeV. The ground-state band has been extended and a new side band of the ground-state band is identified. E-GOS curves and potential energy surface calculations are employed to discuss the structure evolution of the ground-state band. The newly observed side band in 155Tm is discussed based on the spin/energy systematics. In particular, the phenomenon of seniority inversion is proposed in 155Tm, and a systematic study of this phenomenon in the A ≈ 150 mass region is performed.Show more - ItemNew candidate chiral nucleus in the A ≈ 80 mass region : 82 35 Br 47(American Physical Society, 2019-11-07) Liu, C.; Wang, S. Y.; Qi, B.; Wang, S.; Sun, D. P.; Li, Z. Q.; Bark, R. A.; Jones, P.; Lawrie, J. J.; Masebi, L.; Wiedeking, M.; Meng, J.; Zhang, S. Q.; Hua, H.; Li, X. Q.; Li, C. G.; Han, R.; Wyngaardt, S. M.; Sun, B. H.; Zhu, L. H.; Bucher, T. D.; Kheswa, B. V.; Malatji, K. L.; Ndayishimye, J.; Shirinda, O.; Dinoko, T.; Khumalo, N.; Lawrie, E. A.; Ntshangase, S. S.
Show more A pair of nearly degenerate positive-parity bands were observed in 82 Br for the first time using the 82 Se(α,p3n) reaction. The positive-parity doublet bands are proposed to be chiral doublet bands based on the triaxial particle rotor model and the potential energy surface calculations. The root-mean-square values of the angular momentum components and their probability distributions are discussed in detail to exhibit the chiral geometry and its evolution in 82 Br.Show more - ItemSolving Dirac equations on a 3D lattice with inverse Hamiltonian and spectral methods(American Physical Society, 2017) Ren, Z. X.; Zhang, S. Q.; Meng, Jie
Show more A new method to solve the Dirac equation on a 3D lattice is proposed, in which the variational collapse problem is avoided by the inverse Hamiltonian method and the fermion doubling problem is avoided by performing spatial derivatives in momentum space with the help of the discrete Fourier transform, i.e., the spectral method. This method is demonstrated in solving the Dirac equation for a given spherical potential in a 3D lattice space. In comparison with the results obtained by the shooting method, the differences in single-particle energy are smaller than 10ֿ⁻⁴ MeV, and the densities are almost identical, which demonstrates the high accuracy of the present method. The results obtained by applying this method without any modification to solve the Dirac equations for an axial-deformed, nonaxial-deformed, and octupole-deformed potential are provided and discussedShow more - ItemSpectroscopic study of the possibly triaxial transitional nucleus 75Ge(American Physical Society, 2018) Niu, C. Y.; Dai, A. C.; Xu, C.; Hua, H.; Zhang, S. Q.; Wang, S. Y.; Bark, R. A.; Meng, Jie; Wang, C. G.; Wu, X. G.; Li, X. Q.; Li, Z. H.; Wyngaardt, S. M.; Zang, H. L.; Chen, Z. Q.; Wu, H. Y.; Xu, F. R.; Ye, Y. L.; Jiang, D. X.; Han, R.; Li, C. G.; Chen, X. C.; Liu, Q.; Feng, J.; Yang, B.; Li, Z. H.; Wang, S.; Sun, D. P.; Liu, C.; Li, Z. Q.; Zhang, N. B.; Guo, R. J.; Li, G. S.; He, C. Y.; Zheng, Y.; Li, C. B.; Chen, Q. M.; Zhong, J.; Zhou, W. K.; Zhu, B. J.; Deng, L. T.; Liu, M. L.; Wang, J. G.; Jones, P.; Lawrie, E. A.; Lawrie, J. J.; Sharpey-Schafer, J. F.; Wiedeking, M.; Majola, S. N. T.; Bucher, T. D.; Dinoko, T.; Magabuka, B.; Makhathini, L.; Mdletshe, L.; Khumalo, N. A.; Shirinda, O.; Sowazi, K.
Show more The collective structures of 75Ge have been studied for the first time via the 74Ge(α,2p1n) 75Ge fusionevaporation reaction. Two negative-parity bands and one tentative positive-parity band built on the νp1/2, νf5/2, and νg9/2 states, respectively, are established and comparedwith the structures in the neighboringN = 43 isotones. According to the configuration-constrained potential-energy surface calculations, a shape transition from oblate to prolate along the isotopic chain in odd-A Ge isotopes is suggested to occur at 75Ge. The properties of the bands in 75Ge are analyzed in comparison with the triaxial particle rotor model calculations.Show more - Item“Stapler” mechanism for a dipole band in 79Se(American Physical Society, 2019-10-24) Li, C. G.; Chen, Q. B.; Zhang, S. Q.; Xu, C.; Hua, H.; Wang, S. Y.; Bark, R. A.; Wyngaardt, S. M.; Shi, Z.; Dai, A. C.; Wang, C. G.; Li, X. Q.; Li, Z. H.; Meng, J.; Xu, F. R.; Ye, Y. L.; Jiang, D. X.; Han, R.; Niu, C. Y.; Chen, Z. Q.; Wu, H. Y.; Wang, X.; Luo, D. W.; Wu, C. G.; Wang, S.; Sun, D. P.; Liu, C.; Li, Z. Q.; Sun, B. H.; Jones, P.; Msebi, L.; Sharpey-Schafer, J. F.; Dinoko, T.; Lawrie, E. A.; Ntshangase, S. S.; Kheswa, B. V.; Shirinda, O.; Khumalo, N.; Bucher, T. D.; Malatji, K. L.
Show more The spectroscopy of 79 Se is studied via the 82 Se(α, α3n)79Se fusion-evaporation reaction. A negative-parity magnetic dipole band in 79Se is established for the first time. Based on the calculations by the self-consistent tilted axis cranking covariant density functional theory, this new dipole band can be classified as a “stapler” band, which has a relatively stable symmetric prolate deformation as a function of rotational frequency. Hence, it is demonstrated that the stapler bands exist not only in the oblate and triaxial nuclei, but also in prolate nuclei. By examining the angular momentum coupling, it is found that the five valence nucleons in the high-j orbitals play a major role in the closing of the stapler.Show more - Itemβ and γ bands in N = 88 , 90, and 92 isotones investigated with a five-dimensional collective Hamiltonian based on covariant density functional theory : vibrations, shape coexistence, and superdeformation(American Physical Society, 2019-06-05) Majola, S. N. T.; Shi, Z.; Song, B. Y.; Li, Z. P.; Zhang, S. Q.; Bark, R. A.; Sharpey-Schafer, J. F.; Aschman, D. G.; Bvumbi, S. P.; Bucher, T. D.; Cullen, D. M.; Dinoko, T. S.; Easton, J. E.; Erasmus, N.; Greenlees, P. T.; Hartley, D. J.; Hirvonen, J.; Korichi, A.; Jakobsson, U.; Jones, P.; Jongile, S.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Kheswa, B. V.; Khumalo, N. A.; Lawrie, E. A.; Lawrie, J. J.; Lindsay, R.; Madiba, T. E.; Makhathini, L.; Maliage, S. M.; Maqabuka, B.; Malatji, K. L.; Masiteng, P. L.; Mashita, P. I.; Mdletshe, L.; Minkova, A.; Msebi, L.; Mullins, S. M.; Ndayishimye, J.; Negi, D.; Netshiya, A.; Newman, R.; Ntshangase, S. S.; Ntshodu, R.; Msebi, L.; Mullins, S. M.; Ndayishimye, J.; Negi, D.; Netshiya, A.; Newman, R.; Ntshangase, S. S.; Ntshodu, R.; Nyako, B. M.; Papka, P.; Peura, P.; Rahkila, P.; Riedinger, L. L.; Riley, M. A.; Roux, D. G.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Saren, J. J.; Scholey, C.; Shirinda, O.; Sithole, M. A.; Sorri, J.; Stankiewicz, M.; Stolze, S.; Timar, J.; Uusitalo, J.; Vymers, P. A.; Wiedeking, M.; Zimba, G. L.
Show more A comprehensive systematic study is made for the collective β and γ bands in even-even isotopes with neutron numbers N = 88 to 92 and proton numbers Z = 62 (Sm) to 70 (Yb). Data, including excitation energies, B(E0) and B(E2) values, and branching ratios from previously published experiments are collated with new data presented for the first time in this study. The experimental data are compared to calculations using a five-dimensional collective Hamiltonian (5DCH) based on the covariant density functional theory (CDFT). A realistic potential in the quadrupole shape parameters V (β,γ ) is determined from potential energy surfaces (PES) calculated using the CDFT. The parameters of the 5DCH are fixed and contained within the CDFT. Overall, a satisfactory agreement is found between the data and the calculations. In line with the energy staggering S(I) of the levels in the 2γ + bands, the potential energy surfaces of the CDFT calculations indicate γ -soft shapes in the N = 88 nuclides, which become γ rigid for N = 90 and N = 92. The nature of the 02 + bands changes with atomic number. In the isotopes of Sm to Dy, they can be understood as β vibrations, but in the Er and Yb isotopes the 02 + bands have wave functions with large components in a triaxial superdeformed minimum. In the vicinity of 152Sm, the present calculations predict a soft potential in the β direction but do not find two coexisting minima. This is reminiscent of 152Sm exhibiting an X(5) behavior. The model also predicts that the 03 + bands are of two-phonon nature, having an energy twice that of the 02 + band. This is in contradiction with the data and implies that other excitation modes must be invoked to explain their origin.Show more