Browsing by Author "Nyatsanga, Simbarashe Linval"
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- ItemAutomatic video captioning using spatiotemporal convolutions on temporally sampled frames(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University., 2020-03) Nyatsanga, Simbarashe Linval; Brink, Willie; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Science. Department of Mathematical Sciences (Applied Mathematics).ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Being able to concisely describe content in a video has tremendous potential to enable better categorisation, indexed based-search and fast content-based retrieval from large video databases. Automatic video captioning requires the simultaneous detection of local and global motion dynamics of objects, scenes and events, to summarise them into a single coherent natural language description. Given the size and complexity of video data, it is important to understand how much temporally coherent visual information is required to adequately describe the video. In order to understand the association between video frames and sentence descriptions, we carry out a systematic study to determine how the quality of generated captions changes with respect to densely or sparsely sampling video frames in the temporal dimension. We conduct a detailed literature review to better understand the background work in image and video captioning. We describe our methodology for building a video caption generator, which is based on deep neural networks called encoder-decoders. We then outline the implementation details of our video caption generator and our experimental setup. In our experimental setup, we explore the role of word embeddings for generating sensible captions with pretrained, jointly trained and finetuned embeddings. We train and evaluate our caption generator on the Microsoft Video Description (MSVD) dataset. Using the standard caption generation evaluation metrics, namely BLEU, METEOR, CIDEr and ROUGE, our experimental results show that sparsely sampling video frames with either finetuned or jointly trained embeddings, results in the best caption quality. Our results are promising in the sense that high quality videos with a large memory footprint could be categorised through a sensible description obtained through sampling a few frames. Finally, our method can be extended such that the sampling rate adapts according to the quality of the video.