Browsing Doctoral Degrees (History) by Author "Dorfling, Willemina"
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Results Per Page
- ItemDie neerslag van Art Deco in Suid-Afrika as manifestasie van 'n internasionale tydgees en styl, met spesifieke verwysing na die argitektuur(Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2000-03) Van der Linde, Willemina; Dorfling, Willemina; Burden, M.; Stellenbosch University. Faculty of Arts & Social Sciences. Dept. of Afrikaans & Dutch.ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The term Art Deco is derived from the renowned 1925 exhibition that took place in Paris, France namely L'Exposition des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes and only came about in 1966. It refers to the style that developed during the 1920's and reached a climax in the 1930's. Art Deco was a modernistic style and part of the Modern Movement. Many transformations, mixtures and ramifications of the style exist. The appearance of the style ranged from the avant garde to the classic. It was a complete and total style that manifested in diverse areas of the material and spiritual culture, for example furniture design, clothing, motor design and especially in architecture. The era between the two World Wars was characterised by a vast technological progress which was put to use in creating Art Deco products. The era was distinguished by new materials and building methods that reflected the modernistic time spirit. The roaring twenties was the age of the emancipated woman, known as the flapper and the age of cocktail parties, jazz and Charleston. It was an exciting era where man attempts to escape the sorrows of the previous world war. Art Deco was the prevailing style in architecture during the 1920's and 1930's. It was the style that was applied in architecture in Europa, Asia, Britain, America, New Zealand, Australia, Africa and particularly in South Africa. The most outstanding feature identifying Art Deco buildings was the emphasised verticality in facades. Further features of Art Deco buildings are the features of horizontality and curved lines and rounded corners which created a streamlined appearance. Ship style elements such as porthole windows and ship rails that showed an influence of expressionism were commonly used in Art Deco architecture. The ziggurat shape or stepped back building masses was used frequently. Geometrical shapes, parapets, flat roofs and the zigzag chevron motive were incorporated in designs. The Art Deco-style manifested in all areas of the South African architecture during the applicable Stellenbosch University http://scholar.sun.ac.za/ years. It embraced public, commercial, residential, entertainment, sport and recreational, ecclesiastical, industrial buildings and monuments. Although South African buildings often were of smaller format, they were fully fledged Art Deco buildings within the context of an international style. South African Art Deco buildings often had their own character due to local building materials such as South African marble and sandstone. South African architecture made its mark on the style of the ornamentation by the usage of local fauna and flora as decorative motifs. A definite manifestation of the Art Deco style occurred in South African architecture as an international style. South African Deco occupies a special place within the international Art Deco style, because of the contribution of the predominant local character.