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Profits, harvests or public revenue? Divergent interests and guano fertiliser struggles in the Cape Colony; c. 1872–1910

dc.contributor.authorSnyders, Hendriken_ZA
dc.date.accessioned2016-11-02T12:17:07Z
dc.date.available2016-11-02T12:17:07Z
dc.date.issued2015-11
dc.identifier.citationSnyders, H. 2015. Profits, harvests or public revenue? Divergent interests and guano fertiliser struggles in the Cape Colony; c. 1872–1910. Historia, 60(2):160-184, doi:10.17159/2309-8392/2015/V60N2A8.en_ZA
dc.identifier.issn2309-8392 (online)
dc.identifier.issn0018-229X (print)
dc.identifier.other4, doi:10.17159/2309-8392/2015/V60N2A8
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/99813
dc.descriptionCITATION: Snyders, H. 2015. Profits, harvests or public revenue? Divergent interests and guano fertiliser struggles in the Cape Colony; c. 1872–1910. Historia, 60(2):160-184, doi:10.17159/2309-8392/2015/V60N2A8.en_ZA
dc.descriptionThe original publication is available at http://www.scielo.org.zaen_ZA
dc.description.abstractDuring the first 50 years of its existence, the Cape guano trade was controlled by entrepreneurs who were profit and export orientated. They used their control over certain offshore islands through long-term exploitation leases to fix prices and to manipulate supply to their maximum advantage. Internal divisions, limited financial means and a lack of sophisticated fertiliser knowledge as well as weak farmer organisation, prevented Cape farmers from reversing this situation. Faced with declining soil quality, noxious weeds and decreasing harvests that threatened to scupper their livelihoods, Cape farmers made skilful use of protest, petitioning and pressurising their public representatives and finally succeeded in securing government intervention and access to cheaper and subsidised guano. Fearing their exclusion from the hitherto lucrative trade, guanopreneurs and their political allies resisted this move strongly. The ensuing battle for control of the Cape guano fertiliser market not only saw the last attempts by entrepreneurs to resist state appropriation of the product, but also inadvertently gave guano a small role in the unfolding of political events in the years leading up to the establishment the Union of South Africa.en_ZA
dc.description.urihttp://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0018-229X2015000200008&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
dc.format.extent25 pagesen_ZA
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_ZA
dc.publisherHistorical Association of South Africaen_ZA
dc.subjectGuano -- South Africa -- Cape Colony -- c.1872-1910en_ZA
dc.subjectGuano fertiliser market -- South Africa -- Cape Colonyen_ZA
dc.subjectIslands -- South Africa -- Cape Colonyen_ZA
dc.subjectOrganic wastes as fertilizeren_ZA
dc.titleProfits, harvests or public revenue? Divergent interests and guano fertiliser struggles in the Cape Colony; c. 1872–1910en_ZA
dc.typeArticleen_ZA
dc.description.versionPublisher's versionen_ZA
dc.rights.holderHistorical Association of South Africaen_ZA


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