Cervical cancer screening : safety, acceptability, and feasibility of a single-visit approach in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe

Fallala, Muriel Selma (2014-03)

Thesis (MFamMed)--Stellenbosch University, 2014.


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to assess the safety, acceptability and feasibility of Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid and Cervicography (VIAC) followed by Cryotherapy or Loop Electrical Excision Procedure (LEEP) at a single visit for prevention of cancer of the cervix in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. STUDY DESIGN: The study was descriptive using retrospective data extracted from electronic medical records of women attending the VIAC clinic at United Bulawayo Hospital in the period 1st February2010 to 31st December2012.Over 24 months 4641 women visited the clinic and were screened for cervical cancer using VIAC. If positive and eligible, cryotherapy or LEEP was offered immediately. Treated women were followed up at 3months and 1 year. RESULTS: The VIAC test positive rate was 10.8%.Of those eligible,17.0% received immediate cryotherapy, 44.1%received immediate LEEP, 1.9% delayed treatment and 37.0% were referred to a gynaecologist. No major complications were recorded after cryotherapy or LEEP. Among those treated99.5% expressed satisfaction with their experience. Only 3.2% of those treated at the clinic were VIAC positive one year later. The service was shown to be feasible to sustain over time with the necessary consumables. There were no service-related treatment postponements and the clinic staff and facility were able to meet the demand for the service. CONCLUSION: A single visit approach using VIAC, followed by cryotherapy or LEEP proved to be safe, acceptable and feasible in an urban African setting in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Geen opsomming beskikbaar.

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