Reliability testing of a portfolio assessment tool for postgraduate family medicine training in South Africa
CITATION: Jenkins, L., Mash, B. & Derese, A. 2013. Reliability testing of a portfolio assessment tool for postgraduate family medicine training in South Africa. African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine, 5(1): 1-9, doi: 10.4102/phcfm.v5i1.577.
The original publication is available at http://www.phcfm.org
Background: Competency-based education and the validity and reliability of workplacebased assessment of postgraduate trainees have received increasing attention worldwide. Family medicine was recognised as a speciality in South Africa six years ago and a satisfactory portfolio of learning is a prerequisite to sit the national exit exam. A massive scaling up of the number of family physicians is needed in order to meet the health needs of the country. Aim: The aim of this study was to develop a reliable, robust and feasible portfolio assessment tool (PAT) for South Africa. Methods: Six raters each rated nine portfolios from the Stellenbosch University programme, using the PAT, to test for inter-rater reliability. This rating was repeated three months later to determine test–retest reliability. Following initial analysis and feedback the PAT was modified and the inter-rater reliability again assessed on nine new portfolios. An acceptable intra-class correlation was considered to be > 0.80. Results: The total score was found to be reliable, with a coefficient of 0.92. For test–retest reliability, the difference in mean total score was 1.7%, which was not statistically significant. Amongst the subsections, only assessment of the educational meetings and the logbook showed reliability coefficients > 0.80. Conclusion: This was the first attempt to develop a reliable, robust and feasible national portfolio assessment tool to assess postgraduate family medicine training in the South African context. The tool was reliable for the total score, but the low reliability of several sections in the PAT helped us to develop 12 recommendations regarding the use of the portfolio, the design of the PAT and the training of raters.