Recognition of driving manoeuvres using smartphone-based inertial and GPS measurement
Please cite as follows:
Engelbrecht, J., Booysen, M. J. & Van Rooyen, G-J. 2014. Recognition of driving manoeuvres using smartphone-based inertial and GPS measurement, in Proceedings of the First International Conference on the use of Mobile Informations and Communication Technology (ICT) in Africa UMICTA 2014, 9-10 December 2014, STIAS Conference Centre, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University, Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, South Africa, ISBN: 978-0-7972-1533-7.
The conference is available at http://mtn.sun.ac.za/conference2014/
See also the record http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/95703
The ubiquitous presence of smartphones provides a new platform on which to implement sensor networks for ITS applications. In this paper we show how the embedded sensors and GPS of a smartphone can be used to recognize driving manoeuvres. Smartphone-based driving behaviour monitoring has applications in the insurance industry and for law enforcement. The proposed solution is suitable for real-time applications, such as driver assistance and safety systems. An endpoint detection algorithm is used on filtered accelerometer and gyroscope data to find the start- and endpoints of driving events. The relevant sensor data is compared against different sets of manoeuvre signal templates using the dynamic time warping (DTW) algorithm. A heuristic method is then used to classify a manoeuvre as normal or aggressive based on its speed and closest matching acceleration and rotation rate templates.