The role of gender based violence in HIV transmission among women in Lusaka, Zambia

Chatora, Bridget Ennet (2013-03)

Thesis (MPhil)--Stellenbosch University, 2013.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Introduction: Gender based violence has been associated with risky sexual behaviours such as low condom use multiple and concurrent sexual partnering with low levels of HIV self-risk perception. Study Design: The study was a survey conducted at the Young Women Christian Association in Lusaka. Data was collected from 50 study participants aged between 18 and 49 who were self-reporting Gender Based Violence by a regular intimate partner or husband through interviewer administered questionnaires by simple random sampling. Individual knowledge was collected on HIV/AIDS, Gender based violence, sexual practices, attitudes towards condoms use and HIV/AIDS and personal experience with gender based violence as well as Marriages and Cohabiting relations. Findings: The study found high levels of awareness and knowledge on Gender Based violence (98%) and HIV transmission (76- 98%) respectively. The study found that 90% of females interviewed thought Gender based violence in Zambia was a serious problem with 92 % saying men who beat their wives were breaking the law. Frequency of GBV experienced by an intimate partner in the last 12 months found10% indicated having beaten 1 time , 16% beaten 2 times, 6% being beaten 3 times and 68% being beaten more than 4 times in the past. The study further found that only 40% of participants had knowledge of the Anti-Gender Based Violence Act No. 1 of 2011. Conclusions: The study concluded that there were high knowledge levels of HIV and high awareness of gender based violence among the females in the study. Gender Based Violence increases vulnerability of women to risk HIV infection by reducing ability to negotiate safe sex. Condom utilisations among women who experienced intimate partner violence were low while multiple sexual partnerships were prevalent. Self-risk perception to HIV infection of women in intimate partner relationships increased when association to GBV was made.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Impleading: Geslagsgebaseerde geweld is wat verband hou met riskante seksuele gedrag soos lae kondoom gebruik veelvuldige en gelyktydige seksuele vennootskap met lae vlakke van MIV-self-risiko persepsie. Studie-ontwerp: Die studie was 'n opname by die Jong Vroue Christelike Vereniging in Lusaka. Data is ingesamel van 50 studie-deelnemers tussen die ouderdomme van 18 en 49 wat self-rapportering geslagsgebaseerde geweld deur 'n gereelde intieme vennoot of man deur onderhoudvoerder vraelyste deur eenvoudige ewekansige steekproefneming. Individuele kennis versamel oor MIV / VIGS, geslagsgebaseerde geweld, seksuele praktyke, houdings teenoor kondome gebruik en MIV / VIGS en persoonlike ervaring met gender-gebaseerde geweld sowel as Huwelike en WOON verhoudings. Bevindinge: Die studie het gevind dat hoë vlakke van bewustheid en kennis oor geslagsgebaseerde geweld (98%) en MIV-oordrag (76 - 98%) onderskeidelik. Die studie het bevind dat 90% van die vroue ondervra gedink Geslag gebaseerde geweld in Zambië was 'n ernstige probleem met die 92% sê mans wat hul vroue slaan die wet breek. Frekwensie van GBV ervaar deur 'n intieme vennoot in die laaste 12 maande found10% aangedui geklits 1 keer, 16% geklop 2 keer, 6% geslaan 3 keer en 68% meer as 4 keer geslaan in die verlede. Die studie het verder bevind dat slegs 40% van die deelnemers het kennis van die Anti-geslagsgebaseerde geweld Wet No 1 van 2011. Gevolgtrekkings: Die studie het tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat daar hoë vlak van kennis van MIV en hoë bewustheid van geslagsgebaseerde geweld onder die vroue in die studie. Kondoom aanwendings onder vroue wat intieme maat geweld ervaar laag was terwyl verskeie seksuele vennootskappe teenwoordig was. Self-risiko persepsie tot MIV-infeksie van vroue in intieme verhoudings met vennote verhoog wanneer assosiasie te GBV gemaak.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/79880
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