Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. A review of the literature
The original publication is available at http://www.samj.org.za
The purpose of this article is to review PTCA, which can be considered to be a truly revolutionary and fairly simple non-invasive form of intervention. Furthermore, the 'epidemic' of IHD in the RSA calls for the employment of this technique, which has already been carried out in a few teaching hospitals in this country. Very recently, modified balloon dilatation catheters have been used percutaneously in the non-operative transluminal correction of congenital coarctation of the aorta in infants and children, congenital pulmonary valve stenosis ('valvuloplasty'), and hypoplasia and stenosis of the pulmonary arteries. It has also been employed for PTCA and for the simultaneous occlusion of coronary-bronchial artery anastomosis using a detachable balloon.
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