Breast-conserving treatment for stage I and II cancer. Tumours excision, axillary dissection, peri-operative interstitial irradiation, with or without peri-operative chemotherapy, followed by breast irradiation - the Tygerberg Hospital experience
The original publication is available at http://www.samj.org.za
Since 1984 breast-conserving treatment has been the treatment of choice for patients at Tygerberg Hospital with early breast cancer. Peri-operative interstitial brachytherapy in breast cancer is described in detail. In the 221 patients treated (225 breasts), 197 breasts received iridium implants and 26 patients received peri-operative chemotherapy (POPFAC). There were 6 recurrences in treated breasts, 3 within the booster area and 3 outside. There were 5 salvage mastectomies, and 1 patient was treated by excision and radiotherapy. Metastases developed in 27 patients. Two patients underwent mastectomy for severe radiation changes and 7 developed postoperative wound infection after POPFAC. Five patients, who had re-excisions and prolonged seroma formation, developed delayed wound infection after POPFAC. Five patients, who had re-excisions and prolonged seroma formation, developed delayed wound infection. The importance of mammography, patient selection, tumour-free margins and radiation dosage are discussed.
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