Die impak van beheerliggame as komponent van onderwysbestuur tydens die herstruktureringsproses

Kesten, Elaine (2003-03)

Thesis (MEd)--Stellenbosch University, 2003.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: The South African education system, like any other organisation is constantly in the process of change. Critical issues that gave rise to the transformation of the education system in South Africa will be identified in this study. The education crisis is briefly discussed with reference to the educational, social and political demands. A synopsis of the reports, recommendations and outcomes is given. The conclusion drawn from all these reports was that there was a need for a new democratic education system. The establishment of a single, unified democratic education system was therefore the ideal that was striven for. A framework of the new democratic system with special reference to the historical developments prior to 1994 until the integrated system that officially came into power with the 1996 Schools Act is broadly discussed. Matters referred to include, the political struggle and the education crises that gave rise to restructuring, the establishment of a new system as well as the problems surrounding governance and management in the new system. Various governance and management models relevant to transformation and democracy are examined. The conclusion reached is that a real partnership that builds on mutual trust and respect is the desired relationship to promote democracy. Consequently a variety of governing and management partnerships are described and their implications for education identified. Educational governance and management are complex issues and the decentralisation of political balance at national and local level is placed under a magnifying glass. The steps taken to reinforce and re-establish this educational partnership are also evaluated. Focus is placed on the activities especially of the governing bodies of individual schools and how the democratic process is interpreted and the principles applied by the role players. The impact of a governing body as a "juristic person" on the existence of their individual schools is assessed. The different standards, values and attitudes reflected through governance in the education process are indicated. In the light of the problems with integration in the educational process and interpretation of certain laws a concept analysis has been done and various shortcomings, successes, and future trends pinpointed. In conclusion, certain recommendations are made for successful governance and management during the restructuring process.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Die Suid-Afrikaanse onderwysstelsel, soos enige ander organisasie, is gedurig in 'n proses van verandering. In hierdie studie word die kritiese kwessies wat aanleiding gegee het tot die transformasie van die onderwysstelsel in Suid- Afrika geïdentifiseer. Die krisisse wat in die onderwys ontstaan is kortliks beskryf na aanleiding van onderwyskundige, sosiale en politieke eise. 'n Oorsig is oor verslae, aanbevelings en uitkomste gegee. Uit die gevolgtrekking gemaak uit alle verslae was dat daar 'n behoefte aan 'n nuwe demokratiese onderwysstelsel bestaan het. Die stigting van 'n enkele, verenigde demokratiese onderwysstelsel is dus die ideaal wat nagestreef word. 'n Raamwerk van die nuwe demokratiese stelsel word breedvoerig bespreek met spesiale verwysing na die historiese aanloop voor 1994 tot die geïntegreerde stelsel wat amptelik in werking getree het met die 1996 Skolewet. Daar is onder andere verwys na die politieke stryd en die onderwyskrisisse wat aanleiding gegee het tot die herstrukturering, die stigting van die nuwe stelsel asook die problematiek rondom beheer en bestuur in hierdie nuwe stelsel. Enkele bestuurs- en beheermodelle wat relevant is vir transformasie en demokrasie is ondersoek. Daar is tot die gevolgtrekking gekom dat 'n werklike vennootskap gebou op wedersydse vertroue en respek die gewenste verhouding is om demokrasie te bevorder. Gevolglik is etlike bestuurs- en beheervennootskappe beskryf en enkele implikasies daarvan vir onderwys uitgespel. Onderwysbeheer en bestuur is komplekse aangeleenthede en die desentralisasie van politieke balans op nasionale en plaaslike vlak word ook onder 'n vergrootglas geplaas. Watter stappe gedoen word om hierdie balans te verstewig en te herbevestig in die onderwysvennootskap is ook gëevalueer. Fokus is geplaas op die werksaamhede van veral die beheerliggaam van individuele skole en hoe die demokratiese proses geïnterpreteer en die beginsels toegepas word deur die betrokke partye. Die impak wat beheerliggame as "regspersoon" op die voortbestaan van die individuele skole het, word geassesseer. Daar word op verskillende waardes, standaarde en houdings soos gereflekteer deur beheerstrukture in die onderwysstelsel, gewys. 'n Konsep-analise is gedoen in die lig van die problematiek met integrerasie in die onderwysstelsel en interpretasie van wette en enkele tekortkominge, suksesse en toekomstige ontwikkelings uitgelig. Ten slotte is aanbevelings gemaak vir die suksesvolle beheer en bestuur van die onderwys tydens die herstruktureringsproses.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/53374
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