Isikweko kwincwadi Iintsika ZeNtlambo yeTyhume ngokubhalwe ngu - R. M. Tshaka

Nduneni, Nomazotsho Gwynneth (2001-12)

Thesis (MA)--Stellenbosch University, 2001.

Thesis

ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This is research on the metaphor in R.M. Tshaka's lintsika ZeNtlambo yeTyhume. What comes out clearly is Tshaka's artistic employment of the metaphor especially in the poems selected from his poetry book lintsika ZeNtIambo yeTyhume. Chapter 1 gives the aim of this assessment which is to conduct research about metaphor in selected poems and the method of how comparison has been done in the poems. This research is based on the ideas of theorists like: Aristotle (384 - 322 B.C.) and Johnson (1980) as pointed out by Hermanson (1995). Works by literary critics like Mona (1994) and Qangule (1972) inspired this research. Chapter 2 gives an overview of the views by various critics and linguists about metaphor. Here, thoughts from critics revolving around the metaphor clarify what is meant by metaphor in culture and in everyday use. Chapter 3 deals with the metaphor in selected poems. Poems have been selected according to the themes and a critical analysis is done to illustrate the significance of each metaphor in each poem. Tshaka's topics in selected poems are drawn from the following issues: 1. Originality (cultural); 2. Habitation; 3. Historical; 4. Political and 5. Biblical (religious). Chapter 4 is the conclusion of the research on metaphor and is arrived at by reviewing clearly the manner in which Tshaka utilises metaphor in the selected poems. It is here that attention is also drawn to his succesful use of metaphor. High quality language that arrests one's interest is manifestly evident in the selected poems because Tshaka's topics are realistic, sensible and drawn from daily experience. To cite an example, Qangule (1972) in his critical analysis of the poem Igqili (p.59), discusses metaphor and ideophone extensively. Metaphors are not used in isolation, but are used grammatically to give a clear tone and it is clearly evident that Tshaka has used grammatical and conceptual theories because in the formation of the copulative there is a morpheme which establishes personification, emphasis or otherwise a metaphor. Metaphor then, is companson of two objects (things, items); assimilation of one thing with another which is not the former one, or incorporation according to speech and opinion or otherwise the action to give evidence of what is being compared.

AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Hierdie navorsing / studie oor die gebruik van die metafoor in "lintsika ZeNtiambo yeTyhume" van R M Tshaka toon duidelik die digter se artistieke werking van die metafoor in uitgesoekte gedigte van sy boek. Wat belangrik is uit Tshaka se gedigte is die kunstige gebruikmaking van die metafoor. Sy keurige taalgebruik tref met die eerste oogopslag. Hoofstuk 1 handeloor die doelstelling van die studie asook die wyse waarop die vergelyking getref is in studie. Die navorsing word gesteun deur toerië geformuleer deur Hermanson (1995) soos Aristotle (384 - 322 B.C) en Johnson (1980). Ander literêre leiersfigure soos Mona (1994); Qangule (1972) en Tshaka (1953) word ook in hierdie studie in ag geneem. Hoofstuk 2 gee 'n oorsig oor die menings van kritici en taalkundiges ten opsigte van die metafoor en verwys beide na die metafoor in kultuur en alledaagse gebruik. Hoofstuk 3 handeloor die metafoor in geselekteerde gedigte. Gedigte is tematies gekies en 'n kritiese analise is verskaf om te toon en nadruk te lê op die belangrikheid van elke metafoor in elke gedig. Tshaka se onderwerpe in geselekteerde gedigte word bespreek onder die hoofde: 1. Oorspronklikheid (kultureel) 2. Lewenswyse 3. Geskiedenis 4. Politiek 5. Godsdienstigheid Hoofstuk 4 is die gevolgtrekkings van die studie in die vorm van In oorsig oor die wyse waarop Tshaka baie suksesvol die metafoor aanwend. Vergelyking is 'n fokus punt van hoe die digteer sy gedigte bespreek het, byvoorbeeld: Qangule het in sy kritiese benaderings van die gedig se krities op die gedig "Igqili" (bl. 59), baie gebruikgemaak van metafore en idiofoone. Metafore word nie ge-isoleerd gebruik nie, maar grammaties, en hulle gee In volle betekenis van wat die digter wil benader. Tshaka het begrippe van teorieë deur die gebruikmaking van grammatikale. Daar is In morfeem in die verbindingswoord wat personifikasie vestig. Metafoor is die vergelyking van twee objekte: (items) assimilasie van een ding met 'n ander, óf 'n inkorporasie van spraak en mening, óf die aksie om vergelyking te bewys.

Please refer to this item in SUNScholar by using the following persistent URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/52311
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